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Chinese Pictophonetic Characters(1)| 形声字 1

现代汉语中,70%左右的汉字都是形声字。形声字有形旁和声旁两部分组成。形旁提示汉字的意思,声旁提示汉字的发音。

Around 70% of Chinese characters are pictophonetic ones, which are composed of two components, one indicating meaning and the other sound.

 

左右结构的形声字包括两种,一种是“左形右声”,即形旁在左边,声旁在右边,例如:

The pictophonetic characters of a left-right structure fall into two types. One has the semantic component on the left and the phonetic component on the right. For example:

 

汉字(character)    发音(Pronounciation)        声旁(Phonetic Component)       形旁(Semantic Component)

妈                                 mā                                               马 mǎ                                                女

住                                zhù                                               住 zhǔ                                                亻

 

另一种是“右形左声”,即形旁在右边,声旁在左边,例如:

The other has the semanitic component on the right and phonetic component on the left.For  example:

 

 

汉字(character)    发音(Pronounciation)        声旁(Phonetic Component)       形旁(Semantic Component)

放                                 fàng                                           方 fāng                                                  攵

邻                                líng                                              令 lìng                                                   阝

 


Chinese is very easy to learn, Want to know more, check out on our other posts to learn more.

Such as

Chinese characters“中国汉字”

Why is Chinese so difficult to learn? ——Characters 

How to write Chinese characters stroke order


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2020-05-26
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