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The cultural differences between China and the US

Living in a culture that is different from your own can be both an exciting and challenging experience. You have to learn different cultural practices and try to adapt to them. The followings are the top six cultural differences between China and the US to help promote mutual understanding. 

在一个有着完全不同文化的异国生活是件又兴奋又挑战性的体验。你要学会不同的文化习俗,努力适应。以下是最常见的六大中美文化差异,先了解了解,便于大家相互理解。

1. Privacy 个人隐私

Chinese people do not have the same concept of privacy as Americans do. They talk about topics such as ages, income or marital status, which Americans think is annoying and intrusive.

中国人和美国人的隐私概念不一样,他们可以讨论年龄、收入和婚姻状况,但在美国,他们觉得这些问题很烦人,侵犯隐私。

2. Family 家庭

In China, elders are traditionally treated with enormous respect and dignity while the young are cherished and nurtured. In America, the goal of the family is to encourage independence, particularly that of the children. Unlike the Chinese, older Americans seldom live with their children.

在中国,人们尊老爱幼。在美国,家庭的目标是鼓励独立,尤其是子女的独立。不像中国人,美国老人很少跟自己的子女住一起。

3. Friends 朋友

Chinese people have different meanings to define friends. Just hanging out together time to time is not friendship. Friendship means lifelong friends who feel deeply obligated to give each other whatever help might seem required. Americans always call people they meet friends, so the definition of friends is general and different. There are work friends, playing friends, school friends and drinking friends.

中国人定义朋友的方式很多。经常出去一起玩不是友谊,友谊是指一生的朋友,在彼此需要的时候挺身而出。美国人通常称他们认识的人叫作朋友,所以对朋友的定义更广,有工作伙伴、玩伴、校友和酒友。

4. Money 金钱观

As is well known, the Chinese like to save. They are always conservative when they are planning to spend money. It is different in the USA, where far fewer families are saving money for emergencies and education than their Chinese counterparts.

中国人喜欢存钱。他们花钱时比较保守。在美国,很少的家庭会存钱作为紧急和教育用途。

5. Education 教育

Chinese people value education and career more than Americans, who in turn put more emphasis on good character and faith.

中国人比美国人更重视教育和职业,所以美国人更注重好的性格和信仰。

6. Collectivism vs. Individualism 集体主义和个人主义

Basically China values the community and the US values the individual. If you achieve something in the US, it's because you were great. While in China, if you achieve something in China it's because the team, or family, or company is great. Everything you do gets attributed to the greater whole, while in America individual merits are celebrated.

基本上,中国看重集体美国人则推崇个人。在美国,如果你取得成就,那是因为你很棒,但在中国,如果你取得成就,那是因为你的团队、家庭或公司很优秀。你做的每一件事都属于一个更大的集体,但在美国,人们更看重个人优点。

Source: China Daily; Translated by Chinlingo

2016-09-21

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