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How to use Chinese idiom 拔苗助长


There once was an impatient farmer who lived in the State of Song (宋国 sòng guó) during the Spring and Autumn (春秋时代 chūn qiū shí dài, 960-1279 AD). Every day the anxious farmer would measure the growth of the crops. To his dismay, his crops were growing much slower than he expected. The farmer racked his brains trying to find better ways of planting in order to get quicker results. 

春秋时代,宋国有个急性子的农夫。庄稼长出禾苗以后,他每天都去观看。令他沮丧的是,禾苗长得太慢。农夫绞尽脑汁想让禾苗长快些。

One day he finally came up with a solution. He started to physically pull the crops out of the ground, thus making them taller. The farmer worked very hard and at day's end was physically exhausted but mentally happy as his plan had produced the desired results. When the farmer went home, he told his son of his "brilliant" method. His son went to the field only to discover that all of his crops were all dead. This is the story that "拔苗助长" originates from.

一天他终于想出方法。他跑到田里,把禾苗一棵棵往上拔,使它们长高。农夫虽然很累但他很高兴看到禾苗长高。当农夫回到家,把这个好办法告诉了他儿子。他的儿子赶忙跑到田里去看,禾苗全都枯萎了。这就是 "拔苗助长" 的故事了。

拔苗助长 (bá miáo zhù zhǎng)

Meaning: Try to help the shoots grow by pulling them upward. It refers to someone is anxious for success and make it against the natural rules, resulting in bad results.

意为把苗拔起,以助其生长。后用来比喻违反事物的发展规律,急于求成,反而坏事。

For example: 

1) xué xí zhōng wén xū yào nài xīn, yào xún xù jiàn jìn, bù néng bá miáo zhù zhǎng

学习中文需要耐心,要循序渐进,不能拔苗助长。 

It takes patience to learn Chinese step by step, and we can't spoil things by excessive enthusiasm.

2) yòng zhè zhǒng fāng fǎ jiào yù xià yí dài wú yì yú bá miáo zhù zhǎng

用这种方法教育下一代无异于拔苗助长。

To educate the young generation in such a way is just like making the rice shoots grow by pulling them up. 

3) ràng nǐ de hǎo zhǔ yì zài  wǔ yuè fā yá, bú yào shī jiā yā lì bá miáo zhù zhǎng

让你的好主意在5月萌芽,不要施加压力拔苗助长。

Let your ideas cook in May, and don't rush the process by calling or adding subtle pressure.

Synonyms

欲速不达 (yù sù bù dá)

急功近利 (jí gōng jìn lì)

Antonyms:

循序渐进 (xún xù jiàn jìn)

水到渠成 (shuǐ dào qú chéng)


The article is translated and editted by Chinlingo. Please indicate the source for any use, reproduction or transfer. 

本文由Chinlingo编译后发布,如需转载,请标明来源。

2016-06-18

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