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60% of working mothers don’t want a second child

second child, two-child policy, one-child policy

Nearly 60 percent of working mothers in China don't want to have a second child, according to a report on the nation's career women.

根据最新一项全国职业女性的调查显示,全国近六成在职妈妈不想生二胎。

It comes as Sunday marked the first Mother's Day following the relaxation of the four-decade family planning policy in January to allow all couples to have a second child.

这项调查结果于上周日—母亲节这天公布,这是执行了40年的计划生育政策废除后中国开放二胎政策的第一个母亲节。

The report, released ahead of Mother's Day by Chinese job recruitment site Zhaopin.com, also found that of 29.39 percent of women who have not given birth, 20.48 percent said they don't want a child.

这项调查由中国招聘网站Zhaopin.com在母亲节到来之前举行,调查结果显示,29.39%女性没有生育过孩子,20.48%女性不想生孩子。

Zhaopin questioned 14,290 career women on their work and life choices.

调查对象包括14290个职业女性,询问她们对工作和生活的权衡。

Asked why they don't want to have a child, more than 56 percent of interviewees cited the cost. The second concern was the amount of time, energy and attention involved. Other concerns included career risks, the pain of childbirth and little faith in their marriages.

问及为什么不想生育孩子时,超56%的女性提到养育成本。其次是时间、精力的投入问题。其它忧虑包括职业危机、分娩之痛和对婚姻信心不足。

More than 70 percent said they would not consider leaving their jobs to become mothers, while only 18.53 percent said they would take this into account.

超七成职业女性表示不愿离职成为全职妈妈,只有18.53%职业女性表示愿意考虑为了孩子放弃工作。

Wang Yixin, a senior consultant at Zhaopin, said most career women think it is impossible to live solely on their husbands' paychecks.

王一欣,招聘网的资深咨询员说道,大多是职业女性认为仅仅靠着丈夫的工资来养家糊口是不大可能的。

"Other reasons involve their own ambitions. They fear that if they stop working, they will become isolated from a dynamic society and lose their career prospects," Wang said.

"其它原因还包括她们自身的野心。她们担心一旦停止工作,就会和社会脱节,没了职业前途,"王说。

Peng Xi, 29, a marketing employee for a pharmaceutical company, has been married for two years and still hasn't decided whether to have a child.

彭熙,29岁,一家药企的市场营销人员,已经结婚两年了,但是还没有决定是否要孩子。

"My mother has urged me to have a child before I'm 30. However, raising a child in Beijing is a huge financial burden," she said.

"我母亲催我在30岁之前生孩子。但是在北京养孩子花销很大,"她说。

Peng is also worried about losing promotion opportunities, a concern shared by many women worldwide.

彭女士也担忧失去提升机会,这也是世界上许多职业女性担心的问题。

Feng Lijuan, a senior expert on human resources at Chinese job-finding platform 51job.com, said, "Taking the economic situation into consideration, it is not realistic to require companies, especially fast-growing startups, to provide absolute equality when choosing their employees.

冯丽娟,中国招聘平台51job.com的一位资深人力资源部专家,说道,考虑到实际的经济状况,要求公司,尤其是快速发展的创业公司在招聘职工时能够绝对公平是不现实的。

"Chinese women shoulder more family responsibility. It is not just about maternity leave — a female employee might only get back to work three to five years after having her first child.

"中国女性承担着很多家庭责任。女员工不只需要产假,一位职业女性在生完一胎后可能需要三到五年才会重返职场。"

"If a job requires frequent business trips, extra work and more attention to work instead of to the family, a capable male candidate would be more suitable," Feng added. "It is not about gender choice — I would say this is a market choice."

"如果工作需要经常出差、加班、需要投入更多的精力,那么男性就比女性更适合这个工作,"这不只是性别选择——这更应是市场选择。"

2016-06-22

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