Coined words are springing up with the rapid social development in China. Moreover, as China gets more and more attention globally, the foreign media translate some Chinese words into English literally, and even create new English words specially for China.
Dec. 21, 2012 was dubbed the doomsday or apocalypse. Although it didn't come true finally, Beijing suffered the severe haze one month later, and then the word "airpocalypse" was evolved from "apocalypse".
2012年12月21日曾被戏称为世界末日，虽然世界末日并未来临，但一个月后，北京却遭遇严重的雾霾污染，"空气末日"（airpocalypse）一词应运而生。这个新词由表示"世界末日"的 apocalypse 演化而来。
"Airpocalypse" is not the only word created by the foreign media about China's air pollution. In contrast, "Beijing Cough (北京咳)" is better known. It was even described in a travel guide, Culture Shock: Beijing at Your Door, "It's a sporadic, dry cough or tickle in the throat that lasts from December through April."
"末日空气"并不是外媒为描述中国的空气污染而编出来的唯一词汇，相比而言，"Beijing Cough"（北京咳）更为有名。这个词还被白纸黑字的写进了旅游攻略，《Culture Shock！Beijing at Your Door》一书介绍称："北京咳"指不定时发生的干咳或是喉咙瘙痒，从12月份持续到4月份。
Straight Man Cancer｜直男癌
The foreign media have learned the latest Chinese saying for "male chauvinist pig", "直男癌" (zhí nán ái), and translated it into "straight man cancer" literally.
一众国外媒体集体学习了中国人对大男子主义的最新叫法"straight man cancer"。如此耿直地逐字翻译后，英媒还给出了一个意译：male chauvinist pig。
Shocked by the consumption power of Chinese visitors, the British media created a new word "Peking Pound" (北京磅), pounds spent by the Chinese people. It said in Daily Mail in 2010 that "the booming 'Peking Pound' has accounted for almost a third of post-Christmas purchases of high end goods such as Burberry, Mulberry, Louis Vuitton and Gucci".
由于中国顾客消费能力很强，英国媒体基于"英镑"的概念创造了一个新名词———"北京镑"，即为中国人所花的英镑。英国《每日邮报》称，"北京镑"所消费的 Burberry、LV、Gucci 等大牌奢侈品预计将占整个奢侈品行业销售额的三分之一。
"Chinawood" was first used by Indians. They thought the Chinese movie industry still could not live up to the due expectations, although the Chinese government made huge investments to support its development.
This word was soon adopted by the US media. The Wall Street Journal commented on Chinawood this way, "Chinese filmmakers have found a formula of movie-making–with high-quality productions, exotic settings, gorgeously choreographed action and universal themes–that sell equally well in Boston and Beijing."
Admirations for Sherlock and Watson by Chinese "腐女" (fǔ nǚ) get warm response in the UK. BBC reported "腐女" in detail and translated it literally into "rotten women", young women who like gay stories. Moreover, it translated the classic post by Chinese fans, "虐我千百遍，待你如初恋", literally into "Sherlock tortures Watson a thousand times and Watson loves him like his first love".
中国腐女们对卷福和华生的意淫早已传回了他们的英国老家，BBC 大篇幅报道了中国的"rotten women"现象，甚至还贴心地翻译了腐女圈那句经典的"虐我千百遍，待你如初恋"——Sherlock tortures Watson a thousand times and Watson loves him like his first love.
In 2001, BBC used "leading dragon" (领头龙), a quite uncommon word in English, to describe the role of China's economy in the world. The article China, the 'leading dragon' of the world economy reads, "Whether we are on the verge of an "Asian Century" or not, one thing is clear: there has already been a dramatic shift in the geographic centre of the global economy. China is now front and centre…"
2011年，BBC 特意用了一个在英语中极不常见的词汇"leading dragon"（领头龙）来表述中国经济在全球的地位。 这篇题为《中国，世界经济领头龙》的文章说，无论我们是否即将迎来"亚洲世纪"，有一件事很明显：全球经济的地理中心已经显著地发生了转移。如今，中国处于前沿和中心位置。
"裸婚" (naked marriage), "裸考" (naked exam), "裸辞" (naked resignation)… Various "naked phenomena" in China are surely appealing to the foreign media. However, the Christian Science Monitor has said in its report, "The headlines of the articles attract a lot of readers, but they turn out to be appointments – the stories had nothing to do with nudity." "裸婚" refers to couples getting hitched even though the groom brings no apartment or car to the relationship, as is traditional. "裸考" means taking an exam without preparation, or making a "naked return" to China after studying abroad, without specific career plan. "Naked resignation" refers to those quitting their jobs before finding a new one – now a growing habit among the urban white-collar workers.
"Leftover women" was invented by the New York Times when it reported the phenomenon of "剩女" in China, which is a term made popular by the All-China Women's Federation that classifies women who remain unmarried in their late twenties and beyond. "Leftover" means "food that has not been finished at a meal". It is used here, which anyhow shows derogation.
The word "budget husband" originates from the word "budget housing" (经济适用房), government subsidized public housing for the low-income households. "Budget husband" refers to the single man who is employed in a field with low risk of being unemployed or laid off, such as education and engineering. The Atlantic created the word "budget wife" (经济适用女) accordingly, which is the female counterpart of "budget husband". A budget wife must have the following features:
Between 5'2" and 5'8"
Weight between 100 and 120 pounds
Be warm and mild in personality
Have B- to C-cup size breasts
Not be a "gold digger"
Not be a flirt
Be a little horny
Earn between roughly $500-$1000 per month
Have a BA or above
Know how to cook and wash clothes
Be responsible and sympathetic
Be educated and reasonable
"Square dancing" is not a new word. It was a ballroom dance in Britain as early as in the 17th century. However, when you see the word in the foreign media today, it refers to dancing by Chinese grannies – tens of millions of elder women gather in public places to dance for exercise.