Winter solstice is a solar term in Chinese lunar calendar, and a traditional festival as well. It falls on December 22 or 23 every year. It is the day when the Northern Hemisphere has the shortest daytime and longest nighttime in the whole year. After winter solstice, the daytime will grow increasingly longer. Early in the Spring and Autumn Period over 2500 years ago, winter solstice was mensurated by the Chinese by observing the sun with a gnomon shadow template. It is the earliest among the 24 solar terms being stipulated. After winter solstice, the coldest period comes to the northern part of the globe, which is commonly called "JinJiu", suggesting that once winter solstice comes, we will meet the coldest time ahead.
Commonly known as "Potlatch", "Changzhi Festival" and "Yasui", etc., winter solstice is a rather big festival attached with great importance by the Chinese people, thus the saying "Winter solstice is as important as the Spring Festival". It is a custom to celebrate the arrival of winter solstice, which is regarded as worthy since it is the beginning of a solar term circulation. Also it is an auspicious day deserving celebration. It is said that winter solstice was considered as New Year's Day in the Zhou Dynasty. Such a saying is still going round in the south of the Yangtze River that "People will be one year older after finishing the winter solstice dinner", which is commonly called "tiansui" (growing older). In the Tang and Song Dynasties, it was on winter solstice that heaven and ancestor worship was performed. On this day, the emperor would hold a solemn heaven worship ceremony in the suburbs and common people would offer sacrifice to their late parents and ancestors.
Here are 6 traditional food for this festival in China:
Tangyuan is small dumpling balls made of glutinous rice flour with rose petals, sesame seeds, bean paste, jujube paste, walnut meat, dried fruit, sugar and edible oil as fillings.
Jiaozi typically consists of a ground meat and/or vegetable filling wrapped into a thinly rolled piece of dough, which is then sealed by pressing the edges together or by crimping.
Babao porridge (八宝粥)
Babao porridge is also called eight-treasure porridge. It contains glutinous rice, red beans, millet, Chinese sorghum, peas, dried lotus seeds, red beans and some other ingredients, such as dried dates, chestnut meat, walnut meat, almond, peanut, etc. Actually eight ingredients are used, cooked with sugar to make the porridge tasty.
According to TCM, Chinese radish is neutral in character, slightly pungent and sweet in flavor. It can promote a better appetite and digestion, eliminate toxin, resolve phlegm, clear heat, and regulate Qi movement. There is an old Chinese saying, "eating Chinese radish in winter and ginger in summer can ensure health all the year round".
Wonton is a type of dumpling commonly found in a number of Chinese cuisines. The most common filling is ground pork with a small amount of flour added as a binder. The mixture is seasoned with salt, spices, and often garlic or finely chopped green onion.
Mutton is sweet in flavor and warm in character, which can nourish kidneys and blood. The calories in mutton is higher than beef, the iron content of mutton is six times more than that of pork.