China is the largest smartphone market in the world. It's no surprise, then, that Uber has committed more than $1.2 billion in this coming year to winning the market. After just 12 short months, Uber has gone from one percent to somewhere between 11 and 30 percent market share, with plans to expand to 100 new Chinese cities this coming year.
I've been traveling back and forth between the U.S. and China since 2011. I've learned a lot from my friends and colleagues about the differences between the two markets — especially in the mobile space. Trust me, it's complicated — but the fundamentals are similar. I wanted to share five practical tips that most mobile-focused companies neglect to do when entering China, but that I think Uber has done exceptionally well.
Rebrand And Pick A Chinese Name
This is a super basic, but important point that so many companies fail to do. Chinese people will not search for any app in English. Picking an appropriate Chinese name is very important for your launch in China. This might sound rudimentary, but many — too many — mobile app companies do not localize in this simple way.
Uber did a good job and picked 优步 — which also means "nice ride." LinkedIn chose 领英 — which means "best talent." You'll also notice there are quite a few Chinese apps and websites that have numbers as part of their name, like 6rooms (http://www.6.cn/), 58 (www.58.com/) and 51Job (http://www.51job.com/). Numbers often sound like Chinese words and mean something else. For example, in the case of 51job, one of the top job-hunting sites in China, the sound of 51 means "I want."
Uber在这方面做得非常好，最终选择"优步"作为自己的中文名称——意思是"一路顺风"。而LinkedIn选择"领英"作为公司的中文名称，意思是"人才济济"。你还会注意到，许多中文应用和网站名称中都包含有数字，比如说六间房（http://www.6.cn/），58 同城（www.58.com/），前程无忧（51Job）等等。有些数字往往听上去像是中国文字，具有深刻的含义。以中国最大的招聘网站之一——前程无忧——为例，51 听上去就是"我要"的意思。
There isn't a good way for someone who is non-Chinese to pick the right, culturally appropriate name, so I highly recommend you hire local Chinese natives or a marketing agency to help on this.
Optimize For Third-Party App Stores
Remember this above all: China is all about app stores. Achieving a high rank across major third-party app stores is key. Naturally, the higher the ranking, the more installs you can drive. Top positions in some of the major apps stores, which are sometimes housed within other mega-apps, can potentially drive millions or even tens of millions of users.
To achieve optimal cost per install, you should constantly adjust your paid user acquisition strategies and combine with social media, community management, install exchanges and online and offline marketing campaigns that are heavily localized. Don't forget: The more installs you get via paid channels, the more expensive it gets to sustain. The same U.S. concepts and theories for app store SEO applies for Chinese app stores. A/B test the Chinese titles, descriptions, keywords, tags and app category.
为了实现每次安装的最优成本，你应该不断调整付费用户获取战略，同时一定要与社交网站、社区管理、安装交易平台以及侧重于本地化的在线与离线营销活动结合起来开展推广。不要忘了：你通过付费渠道获得的安装量越大，你需要长期承担的成本也越高。美国应用商店的搜索引擎优化概念和理论，同样适用于中国应用商店。要对中文版应用、说明、关键词、标签和应用类别进行 A/B 测试。
In addition, instead of Google Play or Apple's App Store, there are hundreds of third-party stores you can work with to drive installs. Here are the most popular:
此外，你可以不与Google Play或苹果App Store合作，而是携手数百家第三方应用来推动安装量的上升。以下是最受欢迎的几家：
360 Mobile Assistant — 手机助手
91 Assistant — 助手
Wandoujia — 豌豆荚
Leverage Online And Offline Paid Marketing Channels
China's market is simultaneously sophisticated and totally old school. As such, many companies fail to realize the power of traditional, grassroots marketing in China. Street campaigns, handing out coupon codes and fliers in malls and even booth babes remain highly effective. Small incentives, like 5 RMB given for downloading an app, work extremely well. Chinese consumers are not as cynical as Americans and Europeans about marketing, and still appreciate things like prizes and gifts.
It's also important for Western mobile companies to realize that PR does not work the same way in China. Press is not earned by pitching reporters, but is more often bought through gifts, dinners and events. It's just the way things work there.
The process and nuance of buying paid installs through ad networks is very similar to how it works in the U.S., but be sure to use local Chinese networks, like the following:
腾讯广点通 — Tencent
百度移动网盟 — Baidu Union
新浪粉丝通 — Sina Fan Network
多盟 — Domob
有米 — Youmi
力美 — Limei
Some experimentation with networks will be necessary. Different ad networks are better for different kinds of apps, and each will drive a specific kind of user. Only double down when you've found the right network that brings you the right kind of user. Sometimes these users can turn out to be fake -– but hopefully fake users will drive a bump in the app store rankings and will drive real users through greater visibility.
Lastly, there is plenty of opportunity to get pre-installed on smartphones across the various layers of the supply chain: OEMs, distributors even retailers. It's common practice in China to open product boxes from OEMs and install apps at each stage before it goes to the consumer. Obviously, the earlier in the supply chain, the broader the impact. Regardless of how you get pre-installed, you'll be perceived as bloat-ware by the savvier Chinese consumer.
Drive Installs From Mega Apps
In addition to driving installs via ad networks, you can also buy installs from mega apps like news apps (今日头条, or Toutiao), messaging apps (WeChat) or even dating apps (陌陌, or Momo).
For example, Baidu Maps integrates with Uber. When you get directions from one place to another, Baidu Maps will suggest Uber as one of the transportation options. In a similar partnership vein, Lyft is now working with Didi Kuadi to offer rides for its users in China. Finding the right mega-app partner can be the difference between success and failure in the Chinese market.
Don't Get Distracted By Copycats
Many apps that have meaningful traction in China are guaranteed to be copied. Unfortunately, most companies don't realize that this is a great thing! The world's best apps all have local copycats. It should be a boost of confident that your app is working. Examples include WeChat originally cloning Kakao Talk or TalkBox, or Didi Kuadi, which has done a good job of scaling up and challenging Uber. Now, even scammers are popping up. All this just points to the fact that there is real money flowing across the product-market — and it's actually a very positive sign.
The good thing for smaller app copycats is that the right local partner can help make sure any copycat apps are removed from app stores. Make friends and find local allies to help you work directly with app-store editors. Just stay focused on your business and continue to execute by following China's rules.
I hope these five simple tips give you a head start. China is a multi-layered country, but if you get the basics right, you're off to a strong start in the world's largest mobile market.
If you can make it in China, you can make it anywhere.