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Facts about China for Kids

Here are some facts about China for Kids!

Name

People’s Republic of China (PRC)

Government

Republic, communist state

Population

1.38 billion people live in China (2017). The majority of the people live in cities and towns.

 

Capital

Beijing with 21 million inhabitants is not only China’s capital city but also the second biggest city after Shanghai.

 

Languages

Mandarin or Standard Chinese (official language), while Cantonese (Yue) and Shanghainese (Wu) are among other most spoken languages.

 

Literacy

More than 95% can read and write.

 

Religion

No main religion, as religious memberships are not supported by the government. Main religions are Buddhist (18%), Christian 5%, Muslim 1.8%, Taoist, Hindu and Folk Religions (22%)

 

Currency:

1 Renmimbi (Yuan) equals 100 Jiao

 

China Flag

Flag colors

red with five golden stars

 

History

For many centuries, China has been one of the most advanced civilizations accomplishing major scientific and artistic treasures. The Xia and Shang dynasties are considered as the oldest Chinese civilizations. Over the centuries many emperors ruled the country, the last emperor of China, the last ruler of the Qing dynasty, was Pu Yi who abdicated in 1912. In the 20th century the world was shaken by bloody wars and from 1937-1945 Japan occupied large industrial areas in China and took over the Chinese government. Since 1949 the Communist Party of China rules the country. The current president of the People’s Republic of China is Xi Jinping.

 

Where is China? 

Map of China

China is located in the eastern parts of Asia and is the largest country that is entirely situated in Asia. China has the longest international land border and borders with 14 countries. The countries bordering China are: Russia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Burma (or Myanmar, which is the official name), Laos, Vietnam and North Korea (you will find them on the map below).

 

China Geography

China is the most populous country in the world as it is home to almost one fifth of the world population. Did you know, that China is slightly smaller in size than the USA? Although China is so large, there is only one-time zone!

The Pacific Ocean forms the natural border in the east and southeast and southwest of the country. In the west, there are the Himalayas Mountains, which is the highest mountain range in the world. Most of the western parts of the country lying on the Tibetan mountainous plateau and in fact, mountains make up the majority of the landscape, dominating over 70% of the landmass. In the north, there is the vast Gobi Desert. Deserts are making up about 20% of the country. The huge country has many different climate zones ranging from tropic zones to arctic zones.

The highest mountain on the border with China is the Mount Everest, the world’s highest mountains, with 8,850 meters (29,000ft). The longest river in China is the Yangtze River with over 6,300km (3,914miles) in length.


China Attractions for Kids

China’s Great Wall

Great Wall of China: Walk along parts of the over 8,850km/5,500 miles long Great Wall which once was the border of the old Chinese empire. The wall stretches across China from the Korean border into the Gobi desert. This is the longest wall in the world and newer archeological findings report that the entire defense works including the Great Wall and all its branches stretch over 21,000km/13,000 miles! Did you know, that the name in ancient Chinese actually meant ‘The 10,000-Mile Long Wall’ or ‘Incredibly Long Wall’?

 

Terracotta Warriors

Terracotta Warriors: See the over 5000 sculptures of life-sized soldiers, made from terracotta, in Xian. The sculptures which are on one of the world’s most famous archeological sites are older than 2,000 years.

 

Forbidden City

Forbidden City in Beijing: The Forbidden City houses the Palace museum with the Chinese Imperial Palace and the Summer Palace, that was still used until 1911.

 

Potala Palace

Potala Palace in Lhasa/Tibet: This is where every Dalai Lama has held his official residence until the Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1950.

 

Giant Panda

Wolong Giant Panda Nature Reserve near Chengdu: See the pandas in their natural habitat and visit the breeding and research center to learn more about the endangered pandas.

 

Enjoy learning facts about China, if you want to learn more about China, please leave comments below!!!

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2018-11-16

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