"Tuhao" (土豪, nouveau riche) and "Dama" (大妈, old woman) are expected to be included by the Oxford English Dictionary as its new words. According to related statistics, there have been over 200 words of Chinese origin in the Oxford English Dictionary. In fact, in our daily life, a number of Chinese loanwords have occupied a spot in the English lexical system and become an indispensable composition.
Various Chinese loanwords
Many words like "ganbu" (cadre) and "guanxi" (relation) were listed formally in the Oxford English Dictionary; such words as "tofu" (bean curd), "Peking duck" (Beijing roast duck), and "chow mein" (fried noodles) have been used in the daily life of non-Chinese people; words like "cheng-guan" (urban law enforcer) and "dia" (affectedly sweet) have also been influential somewhat in English.
ganbu（干部）、guanxi（关系）等词多年以前就正式进入了《牛津英语词典》；tofu（豆腐）、Peking duck（北京烤鸭）、chow mein（炒面）已进入了外国人的日常生活用语；cheng-guan（城管）、dia（嗲）等词也在英语中产生了一定影响。
In fact, various Chinese loanwords have emerged continuously in English. There are words representing the Chinese history and culture, e.g. Confucius, Laozi, Tao, Tao Te Ching, feng shui, Mandarin and so on, which have been part of daily English lexis. Also, there are words involving the sports and recreations, including "kungfu" and "Tai Chi" which have become well known as a result of the spread of Chinese kungfu films. The political word "lianghui" (two sessions: the National People's Congress and the Chinese Political Consultative Conference) has been used gradually by the major media globally since it was first used by CNN. The Chinese currency units "jiao" and "yuan" have been absorbed into the English dictionaries. More interestingly, the word Yuan has been extended semantically to become the equivalent of "money".
实际上，英语中各类汉语借词不断涌现。代表中国历史文化的词语，如：Confucius（孔子）、Laozi（老子）、Tao（道/道教）、Tao Te Ching（《道德经》）、feng shui（风水）、Mandarin（官话）……这些词语已经进入到英语的日常词汇中。文体娱乐方面："kongfu（功夫）、Tai Chi（太极）"等词更是随着中国功夫电影的传播而广为人知。政治经济方面："lianghui（两会）"一词，是由美国有线电视新闻网（CNN）最早带头使用，渐渐地，这个词逐渐成为了各大
"Englishnization" of Chinese words
Anyhow, Chinese words have to undergo "English" reformation before they enter the English lexical system. The reformation manners include transliterating, paraphrasing, transliterating plus paraphrasing and transliterating plus affixation. For example, the Chinese Pinyin "taikong" (outer space) has been combined with the Greek word "nauteēs" (navigator) to form the English word "taikonaut" (Chinese astronaut). The Chinglish phrase "long time no see" that was created through transliterating by overseas Chinese have become a common greeting word in Britain and the US.
其实，汉语词语进入英语词汇系统，或多或少地都需要经过一定的"英化"改造。改造方式有音译、意译、音意合译和音译加词缀。例如，汉语拼音"太空"（taikong）和希腊词"nautēs"（航行者）组成英语单词taikonaut（太空人），主要用来指中国航天员，现已收录牛津词典中。而最先由海外华人创造的中式英语"long time no see"（好久不见），采用了直译的方式，如今这个词已经成了英美国家里不少人打招呼的常用语。
Also, universality and using frequency of a word will be taken into consideration before it is absorbed by a dictionary. If it is widely used by the media rather than simply appearing in a specific report, it will have a greater chance of being absorbed. In addition, before a Chinese word becomes an entry in an English dictionary, it will be taken into consideration whether its meaning can be perceived intuitively. For example, the meaning of "guanxi" and "hukou" (registered permanent residence) can be easily perceived.
Nowadays, more and more buzzwords in Chinese are expected to be absorbed into English dictionaries. These words like "maotai" (a famous alcohol brand in China) and "Peking opera" are quite influential among people who speak Chinese as the mother tongue. After they are "exported", can they still keep so influential in English? Further observation is required.
Chinese becomes the top source of new English words
According to the report by the Texas-based Global Language Monitor, the number of Chinese loanwords in English, with the portion from 5% to 20% of all language origins, always ranks first among all new words added into English since 1994. Payack, the president of Global Language Monitor said, "Surprisingly, with the rapid growth of Chinese economy, the international English has been more impacted by the Chinese language than English-speaking countries".
Some Chinese loanwords absorbed into English dictionaries
Goji 枸杞 (the fruit of Chinese wolfberry)
jiaozi 饺子 (dumplings)
potsticker 锅贴，煎饺 (fried dumplings)
Wing Chun 咏春拳
kung fu/ kong fu 功夫
yuan hsiao 元宵 (sweet dumplings)
Peking duck 北京烤鸭
yangko 秧歌 (a popular rural folk dance)
pao-tzu 包子 (steamed stuffed bun)
Ganbei 干杯 (cheers)
tsu 字 (character)
Wen-yen 文言 (classical Chinese)
pai-hua 白话文 (vernacular Chinese)
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