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Use structure ‘verb+完’ to indicate completion in Chinese

On its own, 完 (wán) means "to finish" or "to complete". Using it in this grammar structure, it expresses the idea of doing some action to completion.



As well as with (dào) and (jiàn), you can also form result complements with (wán). This indicates that an action is finished or completed.



Subj. + Verb + + Obj.


Frequently, you'll also see a (le) at the end, indicating completion.






wǒ shuō wán le.

I've finished talking.



nǐ chī wán le ma?

Have you finished the meal?



wǒ xiǎng kàn wán diànyǐng.

I want to finish watching the movie.



nǐ jīntiān kěyǐ zuò wán zuòyè ma?

Can you finish your homework today?



māma xǐ wán yīfu yǐhòu jiù qù zuò wǎnfàn le.

After mom finished washing clothes, she went to cook dinner.



wǒmen xué wán le yībǎi gè cí.

We have finished learning 100 words.


In English we say "I finished the movie," or "I finished supper," but in Chinese you should explicitly use the verb along with 完了 (wán le) to emphasize that you completed the action.

英语里,我们会说"I finished the movie"或者"I finished supper",但在中文里,你应该把动词与"完了"一起使用以强调你完成了动作。


(WRONG) 我完了电影。


(CORRECT) 我看完电影了。

wǒ kàn wán diànyǐng le.

I finished watching the movie.

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