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Chinese expressions you should know about blood donation

The date of 14 June marks the World Blood Donor Day, which is celebrated every year around the world on the day of birthday anniversary of Karl Landsteiner, the founder of modern blood transfusion, a great Austrian biologist and physician. 


This event celebration was first started in 2004, aiming to raise the public awareness of the importance of safe blood donation (including its products) and to recognize the contribution of voluntary unpaid blood donors in saving lives and improving health. 


The theme of the World Blood Donor Day 2016 is "blood connects us all". And the best way to celebrate the day is to go out and give blood!


First of all, one should make sure if he is eligible to donate blood. Each country's blood service has different eligibility requirements for blood donors. The most basic requirements are that the donor must be healthy, at least 17 years old in most counties, and the body weight must be at least 110 pounds or 50 kg. Moreover, each donor can only donate blood every 56 days. Dental work in general can place one at risk for dislodging bacteria, so do not give blood after simple dental work done within 24 hours or major dental work in the past month. 


When going to give blood, the donors will be given a physical to check the pulse, blood pressure, blood type, quality of blood and body temperature. The nurse will also ask the donor a few basic questions about his/her health and lifestyle to confirm his/her eligibility for blood donation. 


The following are common conversations that a blood donor may involve in:


Example 1

nǐ hǎo, qǐng wèn nǐ zhī dào zuì jìn de xiàn xiě chē zài nǎ er ma 

A: 你好,请问您知道最近的献血车在哪儿吗?

Excuse me? Do you know how to go to the nearest blood donation bus? 

zhī dào. wǎng qián zhí zǒu, dào shí zì lù kǒu shí zuǒ guǎi jiù néng kàn dào le

B: 知道。往前直走,到十字路口时左拐就能看到了。

Yes. Just go straight forward until you reach the crossroad and turn left, then you will see it.

Example 2

zǎo shàng hǎo. wǒ xiǎng xiàn xiě, kě yǐ yù yuē míng tiān ma 

A: 早上好。我想献血,可以预约明天吗?

Good morning. I want to donate blood. Can I make an appointment for tomorrow?

méi wèn tí, qǐng xiān zǐ xì yuè dú xiàn xiě zhǐ nán, què bǎo fǔ hé xiàn xiě tiáo jiàn. duì le, jì de dài shàng nín de xiàn xiě kǎ

C: 没问题,请先仔细阅读献血指南,确保符合献血条件。对了,记得带上您的献血卡。

No problem. Please read our guideline carefully first and make sure you are eligible for donation. Oh, remember to bring your donor card.

Example 3

C: qǐng bǎ xiù zi juǎn dào gē bo zhǒu yǐ shàng, wǒ yào kāi shǐ cǎi xiě le


Please roll up your sleeves above the elbow. I'll draw blood.

A: hǎo de, wǒ yǐ jīng zhǔn bèi hǎo le


OK, I'm ready.

Tips for blood donors:

1. Maintain a healthy iron level in your diet by eating iron rich foods, such as spinach, red meat, fish, poultry, beans, iron-fortified cereals and raisins a few days before donating.


2. Try to avoid very fatty foods (like French fries or ice cream) since that will make one's blood too fatty and difficult to test for infectious diseases. 


3. Make sure to drink at least 16 ounces of fluid before donation, and wear clothing with sleeves that can easily be rolled up above the elbow. 


4. Do not do strenuous exercise and have a good night's sleep.


5. After donation, it's important to drink water again and rest for a bit to replenish body system. For the rest of the day after donating, make sure to eat well, including foods rich in iron, and drink plenty of fluids, but back off the alcohol.


【Key words】

献血者(xiàn xiězhě): blood donors 

献血车(xiàn xiě chē): blood donation vehicles 

自愿无偿献血(zì yuàn wú cháng xiàn xiě): voluntary unpaid blood donation 

采血(cǎi xiě): draw blood 

The article is translated and editted by Chinlingo. Please indicate the source for any use, reproduction or transfer. 



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