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Chinese expressions you should know about blood donation

The date of 14 June marks the World Blood Donor Day, which is celebrated every year around the world on the day of birthday anniversary of Karl Landsteiner, the founder of modern blood transfusion, a great Austrian biologist and physician. 

人们将每年的6月14日定为世界献血日,以此纪念伟大的奥地利生物学家、医学家及现代输血的奠基人卡尔•兰德斯坦纳。

This event celebration was first started in 2004, aiming to raise the public awareness of the importance of safe blood donation (including its products) and to recognize the contribution of voluntary unpaid blood donors in saving lives and improving health. 

这一庆祝活动始于2004年,旨在提高公众对安全献血(包括血液产品)的重视,并对无偿献血志愿者在挽救生命和改善人类健康方面做出的贡献予以肯定。

The theme of the World Blood Donor Day 2016 is "blood connects us all". And the best way to celebrate the day is to go out and give blood!

今年世界献血日的主题是"血液连接你我"。最好的庆祝的方式就是去献血!

First of all, one should make sure if he is eligible to donate blood. Each country's blood service has different eligibility requirements for blood donors. The most basic requirements are that the donor must be healthy, at least 17 years old in most counties, and the body weight must be at least 110 pounds or 50 kg. Moreover, each donor can only donate blood every 56 days. Dental work in general can place one at risk for dislodging bacteria, so do not give blood after simple dental work done within 24 hours or major dental work in the past month. 

首先,要确认是否具备献血资格,每个国家的血液服务机构对献血资格的要求不尽相同。最基本的要求是,献血者一定要健康,且大部分国家要求年龄须满17周岁,体重至少110磅或50公斤,且56天内只能献一次血。如果在24小时内做过简单的牙齿护理或是在过去一个月内做过较大的牙齿手术,就不能献血了,因为通常牙齿手术会造成细菌感染风险。

When going to give blood, the donors will be given a physical to check the pulse, blood pressure, blood type, quality of blood and body temperature. The nurse will also ask the donor a few basic questions about his/her health and lifestyle to confirm his/her eligibility for blood donation. 

去献血时,献血者要进行脉搏、血压、血型、血液质量和体温等常规检查。护士也会询问一些关于献血者身体健康和生活作息方面的基本问题,以确保他们符合献血资格。

The following are common conversations that a blood donor may involve in:

以下是献血时常用到的句式表达:

Example 1

nǐ hǎo, qǐng wèn nǐ zhī dào zuì jìn de xiàn xiě chē zài nǎ er ma 

A: 你好,请问您知道最近的献血车在哪儿吗?

Excuse me? Do you know how to go to the nearest blood donation bus? 

zhī dào. wǎng qián zhí zǒu, dào shí zì lù kǒu shí zuǒ guǎi jiù néng kàn dào le

B: 知道。往前直走,到十字路口时左拐就能看到了。

Yes. Just go straight forward until you reach the crossroad and turn left, then you will see it.

Example 2

zǎo shàng hǎo. wǒ xiǎng xiàn xiě, kě yǐ yù yuē míng tiān ma 

A: 早上好。我想献血,可以预约明天吗?

Good morning. I want to donate blood. Can I make an appointment for tomorrow?

méi wèn tí, qǐng xiān zǐ xì yuè dú xiàn xiě zhǐ nán, què bǎo fǔ hé xiàn xiě tiáo jiàn. duì le, jì de dài shàng nín de xiàn xiě kǎ

C: 没问题,请先仔细阅读献血指南,确保符合献血条件。对了,记得带上您的献血卡。

No problem. Please read our guideline carefully first and make sure you are eligible for donation. Oh, remember to bring your donor card.

Example 3

C: qǐng bǎ xiù zi juǎn dào gē bo zhǒu yǐ shàng, wǒ yào kāi shǐ cǎi xiě le

请把袖子卷到胳膊肘以上,我要开始采血了。

Please roll up your sleeves above the elbow. I'll draw blood.

A: hǎo de, wǒ yǐ jīng zhǔn bèi hǎo le

好的,我已经准备好了。

OK, I'm ready.

Tips for blood donors:



1. Maintain a healthy iron level in your diet by eating iron rich foods, such as spinach, red meat, fish, poultry, beans, iron-fortified cereals and raisins a few days before donating.

献血前几天要保证适当摄入足够的铁离子,可多吃含铁食物,比如菠菜、红肉、鱼、禽肉、豆子、含铁谷物和葡萄干。

2. Try to avoid very fatty foods (like French fries or ice cream) since that will make one's blood too fatty and difficult to test for infectious diseases. 

避免吃油腻食物,如炸薯条或冰淇淋,因为这些食物会使血液中的脂肪酸含量升高而难以检测出传染疾病。

3. Make sure to drink at least 16 ounces of fluid before donation, and wear clothing with sleeves that can easily be rolled up above the elbow. 

献血前喝16盎司水,要穿着便于将袖子卷到胳膊肘以上的衣物。

4. Do not do strenuous exercise and have a good night's sleep.

献血头一天晚上不要剧烈运动,保证充足睡眠。

5. After donation, it's important to drink water again and rest for a bit to replenish body system. For the rest of the day after donating, make sure to eat well, including foods rich in iron, and drink plenty of fluids, but back off the alcohol.

献血后也要多喝水并稍作休息,让身体循环系统恢复。之后要吃得好些,包括富含铁离子的食物和大量的水分,但不能饮酒。

【Key words】

献血者(xiàn xiězhě): blood donors 

献血车(xiàn xiě chē): blood donation vehicles 

自愿无偿献血(zì yuàn wú cháng xiàn xiě): voluntary unpaid blood donation 

采血(cǎi xiě): draw blood 

The article is translated and editted by Chinlingo. Please indicate the source for any use, reproduction or transfer. 

本文由Chinlingo编译后发布,如需转载,请标明来源。

2016-06-21

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