Anyone watched the Rio 2016 Olympic flame lighting ceremony? Next let's learn some Chinese phrases about Olympic flame!
奥运圣火 (ào yùn shèng huǒ)
The ancient Greeks believed that fire was stolen from the mighty Zeus by Prometheus, who passed it on as a gift to the human race.
The adventure of Prometheus inspired one of the most iconic fires in the world – the Olympic flame. The fire was introduced at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, and it has been part of the modern Olympic Games ever since.
Igniting the flame
采集圣火 (cǎi jí shèng huǒ)
The Olympic flame is lit in front of the ruins of the Temple of Hera in Olympia, Greece.
The torch-lighting ceremony is led by the High Priestess, who prays to the ancient Gods, Apollo and Zeus, and lights the torch using a concave mirror to focus the sun's rays. Once lit, she takes the flame in a small ceramic bowl and leads a procession towards the Panathenaic Stadium, briefly stopping to observe the custom of cutting a branch from an olive tree – a symbol of peace. When the High Priestess arrives into the stadium, she then lights the torch of the first runner to signal the start of the relay.
火炬接力 (huǒ jù jiē lì)
On April 21, the flaming torch was handed to its first torchbearer, gold medal-winning Greek gymnast Eleftherios Petrounias, before beginning its six-day relay across the country. After its sprint through Greece, the torch will travel to Brazil on April 27 to begin a 95-day tour visiting 83 cities, 26 state capitals and 500 towns – reaching an estimated 90% of the population.
奥运火炬 (ào yùn huǒ jù)
The design of the torch used in the relay to the Games changes for each Games. They may be designed to represent a classical ideal, or to represent some local aspect of those particular Games.
Here is what the Rio torch looks like: