For Chinese learners who are interested in law, here are some Chinese terms commonly used in court.
Accused 被告 (bèi gào)
The fifteen accused, young men from different parts of England, denied the charges.
Action 诉讼 (sù sòng)
Two leading law firms are to prepare legal actions against tobacco companies.
Adjudicate 裁决 (cái jué)
The international court of justice might be a suitable place to adjudicate claims.
Adjourn 休庭 (xiū tíng)
The court may not adjourn until three or even later.
Affidavit 宣誓证言 (xuān shì zhèng yán)
The lawyer invited his client to subscribe the affidavit.
Appeal 上诉 (shàng sù)
We intend to appeal the verdict.
Bail 保释 (bǎo shì)
He was yesterday given bail by South Yorkshire magistrates.
Civil action 民事诉讼 (mín shì sù sòng)
She brought a civil action against one of her neighbours.
Contempt of court 藐视法庭 (miǎo shì fǎ tíng)
He faced imprisonment for contempt of court.
Continuance 诉讼延期 (sù sòng yán qī)
His attorney succeeds in getting a one month continuance.
Convict 定罪 (dìng zuì)
That jury will never convict me.
Counterclaim 反诉 (fǎn sù)
The producers filed a counterclaim asserting the copyright claims were baseless.
Court order 法庭指令 (fǎ tíng zhǐ lìng)
She has decided not to appeal against a court order banning her from keeping animals.
Custody 羁押(jī yā)/拘留(jū liú)
Two more suspects have now been taken into custody.
Damages 损害赔偿 (sǔn hài péi cháng)
A High Court judge had awarded him £6 million damages.
Defendant 被告 (bèi gào)
The defence pleaded insanity, but the defendant was found guilty and sentenced.
Dismissal 驳回 (bó huí)
The judge announced the dismissal of the case.
Evidence 证据(zhèng jù)/证物(zhèng wù)/证词(zhèng cí)
The forensic scientists who carried out the original tests will be called to give evidence.
Felony 重罪 (zhòng zuì)
Every defendant charged with a felony has a right to be charged by the Grand Jury.
Forfeiture 没收 (mò shōu)
The forfeiture of illegally obtained profits is part of the penalty.
Guilty 有罪 (yǒu zuì)
Four men were found guilty of breach of the peace.
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