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Chinese legal terms used in court

Chinese words, Chinese legal terms, learning Chinese

For Chinese learners who are interested in law, here are some Chinese terms commonly used in court.

对法律感兴趣的中文学习者们,以下是一些法庭上常用的中文词汇。

Accused 被告 (bèi gào)

被告是15名来自英格兰各地的年轻男子,他们对指控矢口否认。

The fifteen accused, young men from different parts of England, denied the charges.

Action 诉讼 (sù sòng)

两家很有名的律师事务所准备向烟草公司提起诉讼。

Two leading law firms are to prepare legal actions against tobacco companies.

Adjudicate 裁决 (cái jué)

国际法庭或许是对所有权作出裁决的合适之地。

The international court of justice might be a suitable place to adjudicate claims.

Adjourn 休庭 (xiū tíng)

法庭要到3点或更晚时才会休庭。

The court may not adjourn until three or even later.

Affidavit 宣誓证言 (xuān shì zhèng yán)

律师请他的客户在宣誓证言上签了名。

The lawyer invited his client to subscribe the affidavit.

Appeal 上诉 (shàng sù)

我们打算对裁决提出上诉。

We intend to appeal the verdict.

Bail 保释 (bǎo shì)

昨天南约克郡法院准予他获得保释。

He was yesterday given bail by South Yorkshire magistrates.

Civil action 民事诉讼 (mín shì sù sòng)

她对她的一个邻居提出民事诉讼。

She brought a civil action against one of her neighbours.

Contempt of court 藐视法庭 (miǎo shì fǎ tíng)

他因藐视法庭面临监禁。

He faced imprisonment for contempt of court.

Continuance 诉讼延期 (sù sòng yán qī)

他的律师成功申请到诉讼延期1个月。

His attorney succeeds in getting a one month continuance.

Convict 定罪 (dìng zuì)

陪审团才不会给我定罪。

That jury will never convict me.

Counterclaim 反诉 (fǎn sù)

制作人团队提起反诉,声称版权诉讼毫无根据。

The producers filed a counterclaim asserting the copyright claims were baseless.

Court order 法庭指令 (fǎ tíng zhǐ lìng)

对于法院禁止她饲养动物的指令,她决定不再上诉。

She has decided not to appeal against a court order banning her from keeping animals.

Custody 羁押(jī yā)/拘留(jū liú)

又有两个嫌疑人被拘留了。

Two more suspects have now been taken into custody.

Damages 损害赔偿 (sǔn hài péi cháng)

高级法院法官裁定他获得600万英镑的损失赔偿金。

A High Court judge had awarded him £6 million damages.

Defendant 被告 (bèi gào)

辩方以精神错乱为由进行申辩,但被告被判有罪并获刑。

The defence pleaded insanity, but the defendant was found guilty and sentenced.

Dismissal 驳回 (bó huí)

法官宣布驳回该案。

The judge announced the dismissal of the case.

Evidence 证据(zhèng jù)/证物(zhèng wù)/证词(zhèng cí)

进行最初化验的法医学家将被传唤到庭作证。

The forensic scientists who carried out the original tests will be called to give evidence.

Felony 重罪 (zhòng zuì)

重罪案被告都有权由大陪审团审理。

Every defendant charged with a felony has a right to be charged by the Grand Jury.

Forfeiture 没收 (mò shōu)

没收非法获利是处罚的一部分。

The forfeiture of illegally obtained profits is part of the penalty.

Guilty 有罪 (yǒu zuì)

四名男子被判扰乱治安罪名成立。

Four men were found guilty of breach of the peace.

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2016-06-21

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