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Different uses of ‘tong guo’ and ‘jing guo’ in Chinese

Chinese words, learning Chinese, Chinese grammar

One of the trickier points of Chinese grammar is how to use 通过 (tōngguò) and 经过 (jīngguò) correctly. Though they have very similar meanings, they have somewhat different uses.

中文语法里比较棘手的一点是如何正确使用"通过"和"经过"。虽然它们的意思很相近,但是用法有点不同。

 

通过 as a Verb

 

The first way that 通过 is used as a verb is that it means going through a certain object, as in penetrating into and coming out of something. In this case, it is similar to the word 穿过.

"通过"作为动词时,意思是通过某个物体,即穿过某物。这种情境里,它有点类似于"穿过"这个词。

 

Subject + 通过 + Object

 

Examples

 

从我家走到这里需要通过两座桥。

To get here from my house, I have to cross two bridges.

 

你往前走,通过一扇红色的门,然后左拐就看到了。

Go straight ahead, go through a red door, turn left, and you'll see it.

 

The second way that 通过 is used as a verb is that it means that something goes through effort in order to reach acknowledgement or agreement. This is similar to how we say "meet someone through a friend".

"通过"作为动词的另一层意思是:为了获得承认或同意而努力经历某事,这有点类似我们所说的"通过某个朋友结识某人"。

 

Subject + 通过 + Object

 

Examples

 

纽约大学通过了我的申请。

New York University went through my application.

 

我通过了这次考试。

I went through this test.

 

这个项目通过了董事会。

This project went through the board of directors.

 

通过 as a Preposition

 

As a preposition, 通过 expresses using a certain method to achieve a desired outcome. It emphasizes the manner or method of doing something, and it can be placed before and after the subject.

作为介词,"通过"表示使用某种方法达到想要的结果。它强调的是做某事的行为或方法,而且它可以放于主语的前面和后面。

 

通过 + Method, Subject + Predicate

 

Subject + 通过 + Method + Predicate

 

Examples

 

通过研究,我们发现大豆对身体很有好处。

Through our research, we've discovered that soybeans are good for the body.

 

公司通过裁员的方法解决金融危机带来的问题。

The company lay-off method helped solve its finance problem.

 

我们通过他的朋友才找到了他。

We found him via his friends.

 

经过 as Verb

 

The first way that 经过 is used as a verb is that it means "to pass by" or "to pass through".

"经过"作为动词时,意思是"to pass by"或"to pass through"。

 

Subject + 经过 + Place

 

Examples

 

每天我都经过这个小商店。

I go past this little store every day.

 

去机场的时候我们会经过人民广场吗?

When we go to the airport, do we pass the People's Square Station?

 

The second way that 经过 is used as a verb is that it means "to experience something" or "going through a time". It emphasizes the process of that experience. When expressing "to experience something", it often has a negative connotation. If it is talking about "going through a time", it is usually talking about the past.

"经过"作为动词的第二层意思是"to experience something"或"going through a time",它强调的是经历的过程。当表示"to experience something",它通常带有消极含义,而当说到"going through a time",一般它涉及的是过去的事。

 

经过 + Event/Time, Subject + Predicate

 

Examples

 

经过一个月的培训,我们的新员工已经准备好了。

After going through a month of training, our staff has prepared well.

 

经过详细的解释我才明白了这个问题。

After going through a detailed explanation, I finally understood the problem.

 

经过 as Noun

 

As a noun, 经过 refers to the process of something.

作为名词时,"经过"指的是某事的过程。

 

Adjective + 经过

 

Examples

 

请你跟我们说一下当时的经过。

Please tell us a little about that process.

 

事情的真实经过谁都不知道。

No one knows the actual course of events.

 

Translated from: allsetlearning

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2016-06-21

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