已经……了 (yǐ jīng… le) is the basic pattern used to express "already" in Chinese. Strictly speaking, the 了 (le) here is not absolutely mandatory, but it's usually there in spoken Chinese, so it's best to think of the 了 (le) as a part of the pattern.
已经 with Verb Phrase
The most common structure is to use 已经……了 (yǐ jing… le) with a verb phrase.
已经 + Verb / [Verb Phrase] + 了
tāmen yǐjīng zǒu le.
They've already left.
wǒ yǐjīng yǒu nánpéngyou le.
I've already had a boyfriend.
bǎobǎo yǐjīng huì shuōhuà le.
The baby can already speak.
māma yǐjīng huílái le.
Mom's already come back.
tā yǐjīng shàng fēijī le.
He's already gotten on the plane.
已经 with Adjective
Sometimes adjectives or even time nouns are used instead of a typical verb phrase:
已经 + （很）Adj. + 了
bàba māmā yǐjīng lǎo le.
Mom and dad are already old.
yǐjīng hěn piányí le.
It is already very cheap.
nǐ de gǎnmào yǐjīng hǎo le ma?
Is your cold already better?
yǐjīng hěn wǎn le, wǒmen zǒu ba.
It's already really late. Let's go.
已经 with Time noun
已经 + Time Noun + 了
yǐjīng shíyī diǎn le, nǚ'ér hái méi huílái.
It is already 11 o'clock, my daughter has not returned.
yéye yǐjīng bāshí wǔ suì le.
Grandpa is already eighty-five years old.
wǒ xuéxí Zhōngwén yǐjīng yī nián le.
I have already been studying Chinese for a year.
bàba qù Běijīng chūchāi yǐjīng liǎng tiān le.
It has already been two days since dad went to Beijing on business trip.
tā zài xǐshǒujiān lǐ yǐjīng bàn ge xiǎoshí le.
It has already been half an hour since he went to the bathroom.
The negative structure simply adds a 不 (bù) after 已经 (yǐ jing), and before the verb or adjective.
已经 + 不 + [Verb Phrase] + 了
Generally this negative 已经 (yǐ jing) structure is translated into English as "not… anymore" rather than using the word "already."
wǒ yǐjīng bù xǐhuan nǐ le.
I don't like you anymore.
tāmen yǐjīng bù zhù zài jiālǐ le.
They don't live at home anymore.
wǒ yǐjīng bù xūyào fùmǔ de qián le.
I don't need my parents' money anymore.
nǐ yǐjīng bù zài Google gōngzuò le ma?
You don't work at Google anymore?
Translated from: allsetlearning
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