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The uses of “更” in Chinese

Chinese words, learning Chinese, Chinese grammar

To express "even more," (as in "even more expensive" or "even more ridiculous"), you can use 更 (gèng). 更 (gèng) generally comes before adjectives.

想要表达"even more",比如"even more expensive"或"even more ridiculous",你可以使用"更"。 "更" 一般放于形容词之前。

 

Basic Usage

 

The pattern in Chinese is simple:

中文里这个规律很简单:

 

更 + adj.

 

Note that this pattern is not simply a way of adding "-er" to an adjective or a substitute for 比 (bǐ) comparisons. In each case, you're adding "even more" to an existing considerable amount, as in, "I'm already rich, but I want to be even richer."

注意,这个规律并不是简单地在形容词上加一个"-er"或是替换"比"的比较句。在所有的情况下,你都是在已有的相当大的数量上再加"even more",比如"我已经很有钱,但是我想要更有钱"。

 

这两个银行哪个更近?

zhè liǎngge yínháng nǎ ge gèng jìn?

These two banks, which one is closer?

 

我喜欢在网上买书,因为更便宜。

wǒ xǐhuan zài wǎngshàng mǎi shū, yīnwéi gèng piányi.

I like buying books online because it's cheaper.

 

我们还有更多的工作要做。

wǒmen hái yǒu gèng duō de gōngzuò.

We still have more work to do.

 

结婚以后,她变得更漂亮了。

jiéhūn yǐhòu, tābiàn de gèng piàoliang le.

She's becoming more beautiful after she got married.

 

Structure with 比

 

While 更 (gèng) is not a substitute for 比 (bǐ) (the classic comparison word), the two can be used together.

虽然"更"不是"比"的替换词,但是两个词可以一起使用。

 

A 比 B + 更 + adj.

 

This expresses that "A is even more Adj. than B."

这一结构表示"A比B更加…"的意思。

 

北京的房子比上海的更贵。

běijīng de fángzi bǐ Shànghǎi de gèng guì.

The house in Beijing is even more expensive than those in Shanghai.

 

春节比中秋节更热闹。

chūnjiě bǐ zhōngqiūjié gèng rènao.

Spring Festival is even more boisterous than Mid-autumn Festival?

 

汉语语法比声调更难。

hànyǔ yǔfǎ bǐ shēngdiào gèng nán.

Chinese grammar is more difficult than tones.

 

中国的高铁比飞机更方便。

zhōngguó de gāotiě bǐ fēijī gèng fāngbiàn.

Chinese high-speed train is more convenient than airplanes.

 

Translated from: allsetlearning

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2016-06-21

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