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Express “time” with “diăn” in Chinese

time in Chinese, learning Chinese

Time in Chinese, just like in English, is expressed by stating the hour first then the minute.

中文里的"时间"和英语一样,先说小时再说分钟。

 

On the hour

 

The time of day in Chinese is formed with a number 1 to 12 {一 (yī) to 十二 (shíèr)} followed by 点 (diăn). This 点 (diăn) is equivalent to o'clock in English. In China, people generally use a twelve hour clock, preceded by 上午 (shàngwŭ) for "a.m." or 下午 (xiàwŭ) for "p.m." if necessary.

中文里,一天里的时间是由1到12的数字跟上"点"组成的。这个"点"字相当于英语里的"o'clock"。在中国,人们一般使用12小时制,必要时前面会跟上"上午"(a.m.)或"下午"(p.m.)。

 

x 点

 

两 点

liǎng diǎn

2 o'clock

 

中午 十二 点

zhōngwǔ shí'èr diǎn

12 o'clock noon

 

明天 晚上 七 点

míngtiān wǎnshang qī diǎn

7 o'clock p.m. tomorrow

 

9 月 9 号 早上 六 点

jiǔ yuè jiǔ hào zǎoshang liù diǎn

September 9th, 6 o'clock a.m.

 

星期三 上午 九 点

xīngqīsān shàngwǔ jiǔ diǎn

Wednesday at 9 o'clock a.m.

 

Note that two o'clock is 两点 (liǎng diǎn), not 二点 (èr diǎn).

注意"two o'clock"是"两点"而不是"二点"。

 

Half hours

 

Half hours are added after 点 (diăn) and are indicated with 半 (bàn).

半小时的是以"半"字表示,放跟在于"点"之后,以"半"字指示。

 

x 点 半

 

五 点 半

wǔ diǎn bàn

5:30

 

下午 两 点 半

xiàwǔ liǎng diǎn bàn

2:30 p.m.

 

星期 天 上午 十 点 半

xīngqītiān shàngwǔ shí diǎn bàn

Sunday at 10:30 a.m.

 

昨天 晚上 七 点 半

zuótiān qī diǎn bàn

7:30 yesterday

 

今天 下午 四 点 半

jīntiān xiàwǔ sì diǎn bàn

4:30 p.m. this afternoon.

 

Quarter hours

 

In Chinese, quarter hours are only expressed on the 1st quarter x:15, and the third quarter x:45. Like half hours, they also come after the word 点 (diăn). We use the word 刻 (kè) to express a quarter hour.

中文里,一刻钟的只能"刻"只用于表达第一个四分之一"x:15"以及第三个四分之一"x:45"。和半小时的一样,它们都放在在后面跟"点"之后。我们用"刻"字表达"一刻钟的时间"。

 

x 点 y 刻

 

九 点 一 刻

jiǔ diǎn yī kè

9:15

 

七 点 一 刻

qī diǎn yī kè

7:15

 

十 二 点 一 刻

shí'èr diǎn yī kè

12:15

 

一 点 三 刻

yī diǎn sān kè

1:45

 

六 点 三 刻

liù diǎn sān kè

6:45

 

Minutes past the hour

 

Minutes are marked with 分 (fēn) (short for 分钟 (fēnzhōng)).

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2016-06-22

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