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Chinese punctuation marks

Chinese punctuation marks, learning Chinese

Chinese punctuation marks are used to organize and clarify written Chinese. Chinese punctuation marks are similar in function to English punctuation marks, but sometimes differ in form.

汉语的标点符号是用于组织和阐明书面中文。汉语的标点符号与英语的标点符号有相似的功能,但是有时形式会有所不同。

 

All Chinese characters are written to a uniform size, and this also extends to punctuation marks, so Chinese punctuation marks usually take up more space than their English counterparts.

所有的中文汉字都是以指定大小书写的,并且这也扩及标点符号,因此中文的标点符号通常占用的空间比英语中相对应的符号还要大一点。

 

Chinese characters can be written either vertically or horizontally, so the Chinese punctuation marks change position depending on the direction of the text. For example, parentheses and quotation marks are rotated 90 degrees when written vertically, and the full stop mark is placed below and to the right of the last character.

中文汉字可以竖着写或者横着写,所以中文的标点符号会随着文本的方向而发生位置改变。例如,括号和引号在竖着写的时候要旋转90度,而句号则放于最后一个字的右下方。

 

Here are the most commonly used Chinese punctuation marks:

以下是一些最常用的中文标点符号:

 

Full Stop 句号

 

The Chinese full stop "句号 (jù hào)" is a small circle that takes the space of one Chinese character. It is used at the end of simple or complex sentence, as in these examples:

中文的句号是一个小圆圈,且占用一个汉字的空间大小。它用于一个简单句或复杂句的最后,如以下的例子:

 

请你帮我买一份报纸。

qǐng nǐ bāng wǒ mǎi yī fèn bàozhǐ.

Please help me buy a newspaper.

 

鲸鱼是兽类,不是鱼类;蝙蝠是兽类,不是鸟类。

jīngyú shì shòu lèi, búshì yú lèi; biānfú shì shòu lèi, búshì niǎo lèi.

Whales are mammals, not fish; bats are mammals, not birds.

 

Comma 逗号

 

Chinese comma "逗号 (dòu hào)" is used to separate clauses within a sentence, and to indicate pauses. Here are some examples:

中文的逗号是用于分离句子里的从句,并且表示停顿。看看一些例子:

 

如果台风不来,我们就出国旅行。

rúguǒ táifēng bù lái, wǒmen jiù chū guó lǚxíng.

If the typhoon does not come, we will take a trip abroad.

 

现在的计算机,真是无所不能。

xiànzài de diànnǎo, zhēnshì wú suǒ bù néng.

Modern computers, they are truly essential.

 

Enumeration Comma 顿号

 

The enumeration comma "顿号 (dùn hào)" is used to separate list items. The difference between the enumeration comma and the regular comma can be seen in the following example:

顿号是用于分开所例举的项目。逗号和顿号的区别可在以下的例子看出来:

 

喜、怒、哀、乐、爱、恶、欲,叫做七情。

xǐ, nù, āi, lè, ài, è, yù, jiàozuò qī qíng.

Happiness, anger, sadness, joy, love, hate, and desire are known as the seven passions.

 

Colon, Semicolon, Question Mark & Exclamation Mark 冒号、分号、问号和感叹号

 

These four Chinese punctuation marks are the same as their English counterparts and have the same usage.

这四个中文标点符号和英语里相对应的标点是一样的,都是同样的用法。

 

Colon冒号 (mào hào) – :

Semicolon – 分号 (fēnhào) – ;

Question Mark – 问号 (wènhào) – ?

Exclamation Mark – 感叹号 (jīng tàn hào) – !

 

Quotation Marks 引号

 

Quotation marks "引号 (yǐn hào)" in Chinese are both single and double quote marks, with the double quotes used within the single quotes.

中文里的引号有单引号和双引号之分,单引号用于双引号之内。

 

「…『…』…」

 

However, traditional Chinese uses the symbols as shown above. They are used for quoted speech, emphasis and sometimes for proper nouns and titles.

不过,繁体中文使用的是以上所示的符号。它们用于引述言语、强调,有时还用于专有名词和标题。

 

老师说:「你们要记住 国父说的『青年要立志做大事,不要做大官』这句话。」

老师说:"你们要记住 国父说的'青年要立志做大事,不要做大官'这句话。"

lǎoshī shuō: "nǐmen yào jìzhu guófù shuō de 'qīngnián yào lì zhì zuò dàshì, bùyào zuò dà guān' zhè jù huà."

The teacher said: "You must remember the words of Sun Yat-sen – 'Youth should be committed to do big things, not to make big government.'"


Translated from: about.com


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2016-06-21

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