• LOGIN
  • No products in the cart.

Things you should know about Chinese reading speed

Chinese reading, reading speed, learning Chinese

Reading speed is important for most Chinese learners, not only because it's an important factor in HSK tests, but also because reading faster is useful in general. If you read for fun, you can enjoy more texts, and if you read for other purposes, you can achieve more without spending more time. For learners of Chinese, there are several potential problems, and below this article is going to discuss them in the most likely order they will appear.

阅读速度对大部分中文学习者而言尤为重要,这不仅因为它在HSK考试中至关重要,还因为快速阅读通常来说很实用。如果你是为了娱乐阅读,那你可以享受阅读更多的文章;而如果你是因其它目的而阅读,那你可以做到事半功倍。中文学习者会遇到各种潜在问题,下文将以最可能出现的顺序一一探讨这些问题。

 

Character and word recognition 字词认知

 

In order to read Chinese, you need to be able to understand Chinese characters. In other words, you need to build up your vocabulary to include most of the common characters and words.

为了能阅读中文,你必须具备理解汉字的能力。换句话说,你需要构造好你的词汇量,包括大部分常用汉语字词。

 

Word and sentence parsing 词句解析

 

Chinese is different from most alphabet-based languages in that there is no spacing between words. For Chinese people, this doesn't cause any reading problems, but for foreigners learning Chinese, it can be tricky. If you have three characters you don't know, X Y and Z, it's hard to know where the word boundary is, and you need that to be able to look up the word. Is X a word and YZ another? Or is it XY and Z? Or is XYZ a three-character word?

中文不同于大部分以字母为基础的语言,它的词语之间没有空隙。对中国人来说,这不会引起任何阅读障碍,但是对于外国中文学习者,这还是很棘手的。要是有三个词你不认识(如X, Y, Z), 那么很难摸清词语的界线在哪,你就必须去翻阅字典。X是单独一个词而YZ是另一个词?或XY和Z?又或是XYZ是个三字词语?

 

If X, Y and Z are all new characters, the text you're reading is too difficult. When practising, the easiest way to avoid this problem is to read digitally and use pop-up dictionaries. This saves you an awful lot of time. You will only get faster at reading if you practise reading, spending most of the time with your nose in a dictionary won't help.

要是X, Y, Z全是新字词,那你阅读的文本难度太大。练习的时候,避免这类问题最简单的方法是阅读电子书并使用弹出式字典,这会省下非常多的时间。只有你练习阅读才能提高阅读速度,总是一股脑儿扎在字典里都是徒劳。

 

The only way to learn to handle word and sentence parsing in Chinese is to read so much that you can see the words even if there are no spaces. If you see the word 中国 (zhōngguó) "China" in a text, you can be reasonably sure that it's a word.

掌握中文字词和句子解析的唯一方法就是大量阅读,让你即使在没有空格的情况下读懂字词。要是你在文本里看到"中国"这个词,那你能很确定它是一个词语。

 

Once you have seen these two characters together enough times, your brain will be able to pick them out and treat them as a word.

一旦你经常看到这两个字组合在一起,你的大脑就会分出它们并将它们视为一个词语。

 

When you can do that for all common words, reading will become much easier.

当你能这样处理所有常用词语时,阅读就会变得更加容易。

 

Unknown characters and words 生词

 

The biggest enemy of reading speed is characters or words that you don't understand. Improving your character and word knowledge is of course more easily said than done. Apart from reading more, you can use flashcard apps and quiz yourself on words, characters, phrases and sentences. You can also reread texts, both to review the language in it and to reduce the time it takes you to connect the printed characters with meanings.

提高阅读速度最大的敌人在于你所不理解的字或词。提高你对字词的认识当然是说说比行动容易。除了多阅读,你还可以使用闪卡应用并测试自己的字词、短语和句子。你也可以重复阅读文章,一边复习里面的语言,一边减少自己将印刷文字与意思联系起来所用的时间。

 

Read more 多读

 

The only real way of achieving reasonable reading speed is to read more. There are few shortcuts. Of course, it helps being aware of what your problem is, but in the end, it's still the amount of practice that counts.

真正达到合理阅读速度的唯一途径是大量阅读,几乎没有捷径。当然,认识自己的问题所在,有所助益,但最终还是练习量说了算。


Translated from: about.com

Please visit Chinlingo for Chinese learning.

2016-06-21

0 responses on "Things you should know about Chinese reading speed"

    Leave a Message

    Copyright ©right 2017 Chinlingo Inc. All rights reserved.  闽ICP备15003609号-2