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Chinese grammatical structure: 以…为…

以为.png


A lot of grammatical structures have remained consistent in Chinese right through from the Classical language to modern Mandarin. A really common example is the 以 A 为 B structure.

古代汉语和现代汉语有许多相同的语法结构。其中最为常见的就是“以A为B”结构。

This pops all over the place, and can also be seen in the verb 以为 (yǐwéi) – "to consider (incorrectly)". It's quite versatile and very useful to know.

该结构随处可见。同时“以为”还可以直接作动词,表示“认为”(一般是错误的)。它的用法非常多且很实用。

It's used to express "taking A as B" or "using A as B", and can use various configurations of nouns and adjectives.

“以…为…”可以用于表示“把A看作B”或“把A当作B使用”,也可以与不同的名词和形容词连用。

以 [noun A] 为 [noun B]: consider A to be B

Probably the most common use of the structure is to express "to consider A as B" or "to take A to be B".

该结构最常见的用法为“把A当作B”或“把A看作B”。

Examples:

例句:

不少人以高薪为成功的条件。 

Bùshǎo rén yǐ gāoxīn wéi chénggōng de tiáojiàn. 

Many people consider a high salary to be a condition for success.

我以感情为生活里最重要的事。 

Wǒ yǐ gǎnqíng wéi shēnghuó lǐ zuìzhòng yào de shì. 

I consider relationships to be the most important thing in life.

他以他的工作为傲。 

Tā yǐ tā de gōngzuò wéi ào. 

He takes pride in his work. (Literally: He takes his work to be [a source of] pride.)

以 [noun A] 为 [noun B]: use A as B

This is a fairly similar use to the one described above, but is more direct in the "A as B" relationship.

“以A为B”结构与上述结构的用法基本相同,但它们的不同之处在于该结构更加直接地展现了A 和B 之间的关系。

Examples:

例句:

我没有钱的时候,只能以地毯为床。 

Wǒ méiyǒu qián de shíhou , zhǐ néng yǐ dìtǎn wéi chuáng. 

When I didn't have any money, I only had a rug for a bed.

今天咱们以「英国历史」为题目。 

Jīntiān zánmen yǐ Yīngguó lìshǐ wéi tímù. 

Let's take 'English history' as a topic today.

[A] 以 [B] 为最 [adj]: [B] is the most [adj] of [A]

The meaning of this structure is slightly different to those above. It means "among [nouns], _x _is the most [adjective]."

这个结构的意思和以上提到的结构的意思略有不同。该结构是指“在(名词)中,x是最(形容词)”。

Examples:

例句:

我们班以小李的个子为最高。 

Wǒmen bān yǐ Xiǎolǐ de gèzi wéi zuì gāo. 

Xiaoli is the tallest in our class.

水果以苹果为最佳。 

Shuǐguǒ yǐ píngguǒ wéi zuìjiā. 

Apples are the best fruit.

中国诗歌以李白的诗为最有名。 

Zhōngguó shīgē yǐ Lǐ Bái de shī wéi zuì yǒumíng. 

Li Bai's work is the most famous of Chinese poetry.

Translated from: easeasiastudent.net

2016-06-21

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