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Does “说” only mean “say”?

说.png


wǒ yào jiǎn féi le.

Simon: 我要减肥了。

I am going to lose weight.

 

shuí xìn na? nǐ dōu shuō guò hǎo duō huí le.

Xiao Lin: 谁信呐?你都过好多回了。

Who would believe that? You've said this many times before.

 

zhè cì shì shuō zhēn de, wǎn fàn wǒ yào shǎo chī diǎnr.

Simon: 这次是真的,晚饭我要少吃点儿。

I am serious this time. I will eat less in the evenings. 

nǎ cì nǐ bú shì chī chēng le hái yào chī, wǒ shuō nǐ hái quán dāng ěr páng fēng. 

Xiao Lin: 哪次你不是吃撑了还要吃?我你还全当耳旁风。

When was the last time you didn't ask for more even though you were already full? Criticizing you is like water off a duck's back.

 

People use rhetorical questions in order to stress a certain point. "谁信呐"emphasizes the fact that "nobody would believe (you)." "哪次你不是……" is not only a rhetorical question, it also utilizes a double negative in order to emphasize the fact that somebody always does a certain thing.

人们常用反问句强调某件事。“谁信呐”强调“没人相信(你)”。“哪次你不是”不仅仅是一个反问句,该句话还采用了双重否定以强调某个人经常做某事。

 

"耳旁风", which literally translates as "wind passing by the ear", is equivalent to the English idiom, "like water off a duck's back". The phrase is used to describe comments that seem to have no effect on someone. 

按字面意思,“耳旁风”可以直接译为“wind passing by the ear”,和英文中的“like water off a duck's back”相当。该词是指某人听了某些话之后并不放在心上。

"说" appears three times in the dialogue. It is commonly used with many meanings. In "你都说好多回了", "说" means "say, talk or speak". For example "说话" (speak/talk), "说出来" (speak out). "说真的" means "I really mean it." The last "说" means "to scold". For example, "老师说了他几句" (His teacher gave him a dressing-down.). "她被说哭了" (She was scolded so much that she cried.)

在以上对话中,“说”字出现了三次。“说”字有很多意思。在“你都说了好多回了”中,说的意思为“say,talk 或者speak”。例如:说话,说出来。“说真的”的意思是指“I really mean it”。最后一个“说”的意思是“scold(责备)”,例如:老师说了他几句;她被说哭了。


Translated from: english.cri.cn

2016-06-21

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