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Differences between “对” and “对于”

Differences between



(1) Indicates the target of an action. For example,

指示动作的对象。例如:


他对我笑了笑,说:“谢谢你来看我。”

(He smiled at me and said, "Thank you for coming to see me.")

老王是个热心肠,对大家都很热情。

(Mr. Wang is a kind-hearted person. He is kind to everyone.)

你对这件事有什么看法?

(What do you think of it?)


(2) Indicates treatment.

表示对待。


① Indicates the relationships between people. For example:

表示人与人之间的关系。比如,

单位的领导对他非常信任。

(The leaders trust him very much.)


② "对……" can be used before or after a volitive verb or adverb, or used before a subject (a pause is required) to express the same meaning. For example,

“对……”可用在能愿动词、副词的前后,也可用在主语前(有停顿),意思相同。例如:

大家都对这个问题很感兴趣。

大家对这个问题都很感兴趣

对这个问题,大家都很感兴趣。

(Everybody is interested in this question.)


(3) "对……来说" means "from the perspective of somebody or something". For example, 

“对……来说”表示从某人、某事的角度来。例如:


对父母来说,孩子的健康最重要。

For parents, health of their children is the most important. 

对学习汉语的外国人来说,汉语的声调比较难。

For foreigners who are learning Chinese, tones are rather difficult. 

对于


It introduces the target of an action or behavior, and indicates the treatment relationships among people, things and behaviors. It is used together with nouns in most cases, but with verbs or short sentences as well. "对于……" can be used after the subject, or before the subject (a pause is required). 

引进动作行为的对象,表示人、事物、行为之间的对待关系。多跟名词组合,也可跟动词、小句组合。“对于……”除用在主语后外,还可以用在主语前,有停顿。


(1) The noun after "对于" is the recipient of the action. For example, 

“对于”后的名词指动作的受事。例如:


对于好人好事,要及时表扬。

(Kind people should be praised in time for their good deeds.)

对于这个词的用法,我还没掌握。

(I haven't mastered the usage of this word.)


(2) Nouns or verbs after "对于" refer to the things or objects involved. For example,

“对于”后面的名词、动词指涉及的事或物。例如:


对于这个问题,大家要好好儿讨论。

(We should discuss this problem carefully.)

这种垃圾食品对于人体有害。

(The junk food is bad for health.)


(3) "对于" cannot be used after a volitive verb or adverb. For example, 

“对于”不能用在能愿动词、副词之后。例如:


*单位会对于这次事故作深入调查的。

(The company will make deep inquiry into this accident.)

*大家都对于这个问题很感兴趣。

(Everybody is interested in this question.)

2016-06-21

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