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Use “或者” and “还是” to choose one out of two

or in chinese, chinese words, learning chinese

或者(huò zhě)

 

When you want to choose one out of two options in a sentence, you can use "或者" or "或". Example:

"或者"表示你可以从句子里的两个选项中选择一个,也可以用"或"表达。例如:

 

我在考虑家里养一只小猫或者小狗。

wǒ zài kǎo lǜ jiā lǐ yǎng yī zhī xiǎo māo huò zhě xiǎo gǒu.

I am considering keeping a cat or a dog at home.

 

我经常跟朋友在咖啡馆里聊天,或者约他们去打保龄球。

wǒ jīng cháng gēn péng yǒu zài kā fēi guǎn lǐ liáo tiān, huò zhě yuē tā men qù dǎ bǎo líng qiú.

I often chat with my friends in a cafe or ask them to play bowling.

 

这周或者下周就要降温了,你要注意身体。

zhè zhōu huò zhě xià zhōu jiù yào jiàng wēn le, nǐ yào zhù yì shēn tǐ.

It's going to be cold this week or next week. Take care of yourself.

 

还是(hái shì)

 

In general, "还是(hái shì, or)" is used with the structure "A 还是B". This structure can be used alone or served as one part of a sentence. For example:

多用于选择疑问形式"A还是B"中表示选择。这个形式可以单独成句,也可以充当句子成分。例如:

 

你们想喝什么?茶还是果汁?

nǐ men xiǎng hē shén me? chá hái shì guǒ zhī?

Which do you prefer? Tea or juice?

 

你对此事是反对还是赞成?

nǐ duì cǐ shì shì fǎn duì hái shì zàn chéng?

Are you against it or for it?

 

这架照相机是新的还是旧的?

zhè jià zhào xiàng jī shì xīn de hái shì jiù de?

Is this camera new or secondhand?

 

It can also be used in the structure "无论(wú lùn)/不论(bú lùn)/不管(bù guǎn) … 还是(hái shì) …" (no matter, whether … or …) to express something or someone won't be affected by any condition. Examples:

用于"无论/不论/不管……还是……"中,表示不受所说的条件的影响。例如:

 

无论是睡着还是醒着,我都想着你。

wú lùn shì shuì zhe hái shì xǐng zhe, wǒ dōu xiǎng zhe nǐ.

No matter whether I'm sleeping, I miss you.

 

不管他坐车来还是坐飞机来,他都将准时到达。

bú guǎn tā zuò chē lái hái shì zuò fēi jī lái, tā dōu jiāng zhǔn shí dào dá.

Whether he arrives here by bus or plane, he'll be on time.

 

一切物质,不论它们是液体还是固体, 都是由原子构成的。

yī qiē wù zhì, bú lùn tā men shì yè tǐ hái shì gù tǐ, dōu shì yóu yuán zǐ gòu chéng de.

All substances, liquid or solid, are made of atoms.

2016-06-22

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