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Express “more and more” with “越…越…” in Chinese

learning chinese, mandarin chinese phrases

"越 … 越… (yuè… yuè…)" is used frequently in Chinese to express that some quality or state is increasing with time, or in tune with another factor. There are two forms of this pattern, the "simple" one (using 来), and the more complex one (which uses two different adjectives/verbs).

中文里经常使用到"越 … 越… (yuè… yuè…)"这个结构,表达某种性质或状态随着时间持续增长,或与另外的要素互相制约的意思。这种规律有两种表现形式,简单的一种是与"来"搭配使用,而较复杂的一种是用到两个不同的形容词或动词。

 

Basic Structure with "越来越…"

 

This structure expresses that something is becoming more and more (adjective) over time, with the latter adjective changing with the verb. The most common structure is:

这个结构表达了某事物正随着时间变得"越来越…(形容词)",其中的形容词是随动词而变。最常用的句子结构是:

 

Subject + 越来越 + Adjective

主语+越来越+形容词

 

Examples

例子

 

汽油 越 来 越 贵。

Gasoline is getting more and more expensive.

 

北京 的 空气 质量越 来 越 差。

The air quality of Beijing is getting worse and more worse.

 

她 的 数学 成绩 越 来 越 好。

Her math grade is getting better and better.

 

Complex Structure with "越 … 越 …"

 

This structure can be expanded further by replacing 来 with another verb. This expresses that one change causes another change. To be exact, there are four structures to use:

可以将其他动词替换"来"而进一步扩展这个结构。这个表达的意思是某物随着另一个的改变而改变。精确地说,可以使用以下四种结构:

 

Subject + 越 + Adj 1 + 越 + Adj 2

 

Examples

例子

 

挑战 越 大,我 越 兴奋。

The bigger the challenge is, the more excited I am.

 

我 觉得 窗子 越 大 , 光线 越 好。

I think that the bigger the window is, the better the natural light is.

 

工作 越 复杂 越 有趣 。

The more complex the work is, the more interesting it is.

 

这 个 菜 越 甜 越 不 好吃 。

The sweeter this dish is, the worse it tastes.

 

Subject + 越 + Adjective, 越 + Verb

 

Examples

例子

 

你 越 小气,别人 就 越 讨厌 你。

The meaner you are, the more other people will hate you.

 

她 越 不高兴,就 越 不说话。

The more upset , the less she talks.

 

Subject + 越 + Verb, 越 + Verb

 

Examples

例子

 

我 越 学习 中文,越 觉得 中文 很 难。

The more I study Chinese, the more difficult I think it is.

 

越 批评 他,他 越 做 不 好。

The more he gets criticized, the worse he works.

 

Subject + 越 + Verb, 越 + Adjective

 

Examples

例子

 

他 越 喝 碳酸饮料 越 胖。

The more he drinks soda, the fatter he gets.

 

她 越 说 越 生 气。

The more she talks, the angrier she gets.

 

Complex Structure with Complement

 

You can also use "越…越…" with a complement. In this case, "越" has to follow the "得". This construction usually uses "State complements" and "Result complements".

你可以把"越…越…"与补语搭配使用。这种情况下,"越"的后面需要跟上"得"。这个结构通常使用的是"状态补语"和"结果补语"。

 

Subject + Verb 得 +越…, (Verb 得)越 …

 

Examples

例子

 

你 买 得 越 多 越 便宜。

The more you buy, the cheaper it gets.

 

你 说 得 越 慢,可能 我们 听 得 越 清楚。

The slower you speak, the more we'll probably be able to hear clearly.

 

碳水化合物 吃 得 越 多 越 容易 胖。

The more carbs you eat, the easier it will be to get fat.

2016-06-22

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