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Chinese phrases you need to know for emergency

紧急事件相关词汇.jpg

In light of the disaster in Tianjin, China, here are a handful of helpful words and phrases to use in emergencies.

爆炸 (bàozhà)

Meaning: Explosion

Example:

There has been an explosion.

刚才有个爆炸。

Gāngcái yǒu gè bàozhà.

Note:

It should be noted that 爆炸 can be used as both a noun and a verb. For example, if you wanted to say that your fridge had exploded, you would say "我的冰箱爆炸了 (wǒde bīngxiāng bàozhà le)." 

二次爆炸 (èrcì bàozhà)

Meaning: Secondary explosion

Example:

There was a secondary explosion at the scene.

现场有二次爆炸。

Xiànchǎng yǒu èrcì bàozhà.

Note:

This phrase is a literal combination of "second (二次)" and "explosion (爆炸)".

救命 (jiùmìng)

Meaning: Help

Example:

Something happened, save me!

这儿有情况,救命!

Zhèr yǒu qíngkuàng, jiùmìng!

Note:

Often used on its own to convey a call for help, 救命 can indicate both the need for assistance from the subject or a third party—it's literal translation is "save life". 

救援 (jiùyuán)

Meaning: Rescue

Example:

Rescue workers sent out this morning have arrived at the scene.

救援人员今天清晨已赶赴现场。

Jiùyuán rényuán jīntiān qīngchén yǐ gǎnfù xiànchǎng.

Note:

救援 is usually used in conjunction with disasters where large scale rescue operations (救援行动 jiùyuán xíngdòng) are needed. It can also be used to convey "aid", for example "relief efforts" would be "灾后救援 (zāihòu jiùyuán)". 

救护车 (jiùhùchē)

Meaning: Ambulance

Example:

Don't worry, the ambulance will be here soon.

放心,救护车马上就到。

Fàngxīn, jiùhùchē mǎshàng jiù dào.

Note:

None needed.

烧伤 (shāoshāng)

Meaning: Burn (injury)

Example:

I was burned by the fire.

我被火烧伤了。

Wǒ bèi huǒ shāoshāng le.

Note:

Similar to the Chinese for explosion, 烧伤 can also be used as both a noun and verb. For example, "burn center" would be "烧伤中心 (shāoshāngzhōngxīn)".

坍塌 (tāntā)

Meaning: To collapse

Example:

Our building may collapse tomorrow.

我们的楼明天有可能坍塌。

Wǒmen de lóu míngtiān yǒukěnéng tāntā.

Note:

Usually used to described structures that have fallen under natural causes, 坍塌 is not commonly implemented when in conjunction with explosions. 

It is important to remember that there are different phone numbers for different emergency services. Pick the right one before you call.

Police – 110

Ambulance – 120

Fire department – 119

2016-06-22

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