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Understand China in 10 minutes

 


This video makes you understand the Chinese culture in ten minutes. According to this video, you can have a comprehensive understanding about China, but as this video was made several years ago, many things has changed. Allow us to point them out.

 

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China is the most populous state in the world with a 1.3 billion citizens, while the world's population is 6.8 billion. That means every other 5 people in the world is one Chinese.

中国是世界人口最多的国家,有13亿人口,而世界人口是68亿,也就是说世界上每五个人中就有一个中国人.


Comments: Now, the population has increased in China, as well as in the world in these years. China has a population of about 1.4 billion people while the world has over 7 billion.


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Comments: Now, China's new President is Xi Jinping, we all call him Xidada. As Xi is from Shanxi province, in which people call their dad or uncle dada, so, Xidada is a term of endearment.


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Most married couples in China are subjecte to "one child policy", which was introduced in 1979 to curb massive population growth. It is believed to have prevented more than 300 million births since then.

大多数夫妻都需要遵守一胎化政策,这是1979年的计划生育政策,据说,该政策避免了3亿人口的出生。


Comments: Now, China has partially eased its one-child policy and allowed couples to have a second baby if either parent is an only child.

 

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China now has the world's second largest GDP at about 6 trillion US dollars, about 40% of the GDP of the United States. But its per capita income (4,300 US dollar) is still low and puts China behind roughly a hundred countries.

目前的GDP位于世界第二,大约6万亿美元,相当于美国的四成,但人均只有4300美元,排名一百位开外。


Comments: In 2014, China's GDP reached 10 trillion, per capita income was 7,485 US dollar, while America's GDP reached 17.42 trillion. However, the gap between the rich and the poor in China is still huge.

 

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China is the world's factory. One out of every three household appliances/three toys/two pairs of shoes/two shirts are made in China

中国是世界工厂,每三件家电,三件玩具。两双鞋子,两件衣服中,就有一件是由中国制造。


Comments: Recently, as the wages rise rapidly and the labor force shrinks, China's role as the world's factory has changed gradually. In recent years, China has made great endeavor to shake off the "made in China" label with innovation, and the products (like Xiaomi smartphones) designed in China have gained more popularity in the global market, with both high quality and lower price.

 

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To make someone lose face or even unknowingly is a huge dishonor and could mean the end of a relationship.

即使无意中让别人没面子,也是极其严重的冒犯,可能意味着断绝关系。


Comments: Chinese people treat "face" seriously, but the sayings above are a bit too radical, Chinese people believe the saying of "no warned, no fault". If you make the Chinese lose their face unknowingly, most of them will be tolerant.

 

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Relationships between family, friends and business associates are often closely interwoven. In such an environment, issues of corruption (贪污) are not uncommon when guanxi obligations take precedence over normal rules or laws.

家人、朋友和商业伙伴的关系经常紧密交织,这样的环境中腐败从来都不是新鲜事,因为关系人情往往比规则甚至法律更重要。


Comments: China is a nepotist society and Chinese people put much emphasis on relationship. However, the young generation in China is different from the elder generations, most of them hope to make a success through their own effort.

2016-06-24

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