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Introduction & suggestions to HSK Level 6

HSK六级.jpg

The HSK level 6 includes writing, reading, and listening sections. Pinyin does not accompany the characters in the test. Students may take the test online or they may opt for the handwritten version. Prior to beginning to study for this exam, you should have an understanding of the rules and test format of the HSK level 6.

HSK六级考试包括写作、阅读和听力部分。每部分均不含拼音标注。考生可选择网上或是手写方式进行考试。开始备考HSK六级考试之前,你需要了解其规章和考试形式。

 

Test takers who are able to pass the HSK level 6 can easily comprehend written and spoken information in Chinese and can effectively express themselves in Chinese, both orally and on paper. Test takers will acquire over 5000 Chinese characters and master HSK Level 6 related grammar.

想通过HSK六级的考生,需有能力轻松理解中文书面和口语的信息,同时口头上和书写上都能用中文有效地表达自己的想法。考生需要有5000个中文词汇以及掌握好HSK六级涉及到的语法。

 

Content and Duration of the HSK level 6

考试内容和时间

 

HSK level 6 test is made up of listening comprehension, reading comprehension and writing sections and contains 101 items.

HSK六级涵盖听力理解、阅读理解和写作部分,总共101道题。

 

The test will last for 140 minutes in total.

考试用时总共140分钟。

 

Test Structure for HSK level 6

HSK六级的考试结构

 

1. Listening

听力

 

Part I contains 15 items. Test takers will listen to each item only once. For each item, test takers will listen to a short paragraph. 4 options are given on the test paper and test takers should select the option corresponding with what he/she has heard.

第一部分有15道题。每道题考生只能听一遍。每道题目里考生将听到一篇短文。试题上有四个选项,考生需根据所听到的内容选择对应的答案。

 

Part II contains 15 items. Test takers will listen to each item only once. Test takers will listen to three interviews, each with 5 questions. For each question, 4 options are given on the test paper and test takers should select the right answer based on what he/she has heard.

第二部分有15道题。每道题考生只能听一遍。考生将听到3段采访内容,每段各有5道题目。每道题目均给出4个选项,考生需根据所听到的内容选择正确的答案。

 

Part III contains 20 items. Test takers will listen to each item only once. Test takers will listen to several paragraphs, each with several questions. For each question, 4 options are given on the test paper and test takers should select the right answer based on what he/she has heard.

第三部分有20道题。每道题考生只能听一遍。考生将听到若干个段落,每个段落各有若干个问题。每道题目均给出4个选项,考生需根据所听到的内容选择正确的答案。

 

2. Reading

阅读

 

Part I contains 10 items. For each item, 4 sentences are given and test takers are required to pick out the one with faulty wording or formulation.

第一部分有10道题。每道题目将给出4个句子,考生需选出有语病的句子。

 

Part II contains 10 items. For each item, a short paragraph is given with 3 to 5 blanks. For each blank, test takers should select the best answer from the 4 options based on the context.

第二部分有10道题。每道题目将给出一篇短文并留出3到5个空格。考生需根据文本内容从4个选项中选择正确的答案。

 

Part III contains 10 items. Two passages are given, each with 5 blanks. For each blank, test takers should select the right sentence from the 5 options given based on the context.

第三部分有10道题。每道题目给出2篇短文,并留有5个空。考生需根据文本内容从5个选项中选择正确的句子。

 

Part IV contains 20 items. Several passages are given, each with several questions, and test takers should select the right answer from the 4 options for each question.

第四部分有20道题。每道题目给出若干篇短文,每篇各有若干个问题,考生需从4个选项中选择每个问题的正确答案。

 

3. Writing

写作

 

Test takers should first read a narrative passage of about 1,000 Chinese characters in 10 minutes, and then condense the passage to a shorter one of about 400 Chinese characters in 35 minutes. The subject is undefined and up to the test-takers. Test-takers are only required to retell the content of the passage and his/her own opinions are not necessary.

考生首先要在10分钟之内阅读一篇约1000字的叙述文,然后在35分钟之内将该文章缩写为一篇约400字的短文。主题由考生自定,考生仅需复述文章的内容,无需加上自己的观点。

 

Suggestions for Studying for the HSK level 6

备考HSK六级的建议

 

1. Grammar and Vocabulary. You need to understand over 5,000 Chinese characters at this level and master the grammar that will be on the HSK level 6.

词汇和语法。这个水平需要你懂得多于5000的字词量以及掌握好HSK六级涉及到的语法。

 

Grammar books will help you with the exam; for example, you may purchase 《汉语近义词学习手册》, which gives you great examples, or 《21天征服新HSK高级语法》, which teaches you common synonyms. Both learning materials have explanations in English and Chinese.

语法参考书对于考试也有帮助。例如,你可以入手《汉语近义词学习手册》,这本参考书举了大量的例子,或者《21天征服新HSK高级语法》,这本书将指导你一些常见的同义词。以上这两本学习材料均有中英双语的注解。

 

2. The Listening Portion. In the listening portion of the HSK level 6, there is a lot of information found within each question, so you need to focus intently when you are listening to the audio. Take notes while you listen, making sure to write down any key words that will aid you in choosing the correct answer quickly. Of course, you should listen to the materials of the official mock paper repeatedly until you have no doubt of the meaning of the audio.

听力部分。对于HSK六级听力部分,每个问题都可以读出许多信息,所以听录音的时候你需要集中注意力。听的时候可以记笔记,要确保所记下任何可以帮助你快速选择正确答案的关键词。当然了,你要坚持重复听官方模拟试题的听力材料直到你完全掌握录音内容的意思。

 

3. The Reading Portion. To review what you have already learned, read the Graded Chinese Reader 2. Then read books that were written for native speakers of Chinese, particularly Chinese idiom stories and Classic literature. The abridged Chinese Classic literature 《西游记》《三国演义》 is also helpful. For students who enjoy documentaries, you can check out 《舌尖上的中国》. The narrators use standard Chinese and speak clearly at a medium speed, and you can read the subtitles and learn new vocabulary words.

阅读部分。如需复习所学过的内容,可以看看《汉语分级阅读2》。然后可以去读读那些为中国人写的书,尤其是成语故事和经典文学。删减版的中国古典名著《西游记》和《三国演义》都很有帮助。要是喜欢纪录片的话,可以去看看《舌尖上的中国》。纪录片里的解说员说的是一口标准的中文,并且口齿清晰语速中等,你可以查看纪录片的字幕,学习其中新的词汇。

 

Keep track of the time while completing the reading portion of the exam. Attempt to finish the entire portion with three to five minutes to spare, since the extra time will allow you to double-check your work.

做阅读部分的时候记得留意下时间。争取完成整个部分之后还能留出3到5分钟的时间,你可以用这些时间再检查下做过的题目。

 

4. The Writing Portion. You will be given a text to read that has 1,000 characters. After ten minutes, you will have to summarize it in 400 characters. You must be able to type or write characters by hand, as well as focus well on the events that occur in the story so that you will remember it all. This degree of mastery requires that you spend time writing in a Chinese journal or composing emails that you send to your Chinese friends and/or teacher. Ask them to let you know if you used any expressions incorrectly. As you improve, you should increase the length of the material you write and incorporate different phrases and expressions. Then, you will be confident when you’re ready for the HSK exam.

写作部分。试题将给出一篇1000字左右的阅读文本。十分钟之后,你需要用400字左右总结该文。你不仅要会打出或者写出中文,同时为了记住内容你还需要留意文章里出现的事件。达到这样的掌握程度需要你花点时间写中文日记,或者写中文邮件发给你的中国朋友或老师,让他们告诉你自己是否表达恰当。待水平提高之后,你应该增加写作长度,并使用一些有难度的短语和词组。这样,你准备好参加HSK考试的时候将会更加自信。

 

Learning is continual. The HSK exam is there to “promote learning through testing.” Regardless of what level you are at, continue learning Chinese; that sensation of pride and accomplishment is priceless.

学习永无止境。HSK考试的目的是通过测验促进语言学习。无论你处于什么水平,继续学中文吧,自豪感和成就感是无价的。

2016-06-21

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