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Introduction & suggestions to HSK Level 4

HSK四级.jpg

The HSK level 4 includes writing, reading, and listening sections. Pinyin does not accompany the characters in the test. Students may take the test online or they may opt for the handwritten version. Prior to beginning to study for this exam, you should have an understanding of the rules and test format of the HSK level 4 exam.

HSK四级考试包括写作、阅读和听力部分。每部分均不含拼音标注。考生可选择网上或是手写方式进行考试。开始备考HSK四级考试之前,你需要了解其规章和考试形式。

 

Test takers who are able to pass the HSK level 4 can converse in Chinese on a wide range of topics and are able to communicate fluently with native Chinese speakers. Test takers will acquire 1200 Chinese characters and master HSK level 4 related grammars.

想通过HSK四级的考生,需有能力使用中文谈论各种话题,并且可以自如地与当地中国人进行交流。考生需要有1200个中文字词量以及掌握好HSK四级涉及到的语法。

 

Content and duration about HSK 4

考试内容和时间

HSK level 4 test is made up of listening comprehension, reading comprehension and writing sections and contains 100 test items.

HSK四级涵盖听力理解、阅读理解和写作部分,总共100道题。

 

The test will last for 105 minutes in total.

考试用时总共105分钟。

 

Test Structure for HSK level 4

HSK四级的考试结构

1. Listening

听力

 

Part I contains 10 items. Test takers will listen to each item only once. For each item, one person says a short paragraph and the other person will say a sentence based on the paragraph. The sentence is also given on the test paper, and test takers should judge if the content of the sentence is right or wrong.

第一部分有10道题。每道题考生只能听一遍。每道题目里,一位说话者将念出一小段中文,另一位说话者根据该段中文给出一个句子。试题上也给出该句子,考生需判断所给的中文内容是否正确。

 

Part II contains 15 items. Test takers will listen to each item only once. For each item, two persons make a dialogue of two sentences, and another person will raise a question based on the dialogue. 4 options are given on the test paper and test takers should select the right answer based on what he/she has heard.

第二部分有15道题。每道题考生只能听一遍。每道题目里,两位说话者将进行两句话的对话,第三位将根据该对话提出一个问题。试题上有四个选项,考生需根据所听到的内容选择正确的答案。

 

Part III contains 20 items. Test takers will listen to each item only once. In this part, each item is a dialogue of 4 to 5 sentences or a short paragraph, and one or two questions will be raised based on the dialogue or paragraph. For each item, 4 options are given on the test paper and test takers should select the right answer based on what he/she has heard.

第三部分有20道题。每道题目考生只能听一遍。这部分里,每道题目是4到5句的对话内容或者小短文,题目将根据该对话或者短文提出1个或2个问题。每道题目会给出4个选项,考生需根据所听到的内容选择正确的答案。

 

2. Reading

阅读

 

Part I contains 10 items. For each item, one or two sentences will be given with one blank, and test takers should select a choice from the options to make the sentence(s) complete.

第一部分有10道题。每道题目将给出1到2个句子然后留空,考生需从所给选项中选择最合适的答案完成句子。

 

Part II contains 10 items. For each item, 3 sentences will be given and test takers should put them in the right order.

第二部分有10道题。每道题目将有3个句子,考生需将它们按正确顺序排好。

 

Part III contains 20 items. In this part, each item is a short paragraph with one or two questions, and test takers should select the right answer from the 4 options.

第三部分有20道题。这部分里,每道题均是一篇含一两个问题的短文,考生需从所给4个选项里选择正确的答案。

 

3. Writing

写作

 

Part I contains 10 items. For each item, several Chinese words are given and test takers are required to write a sentence with these words.

第一部分有10道题。每道题目将给出若干个汉字,考生需使用所给汉字进行造句。

 

Part II contains 5 items. For each item, a picture and a Chinese word are given and test takers are required to use this word to write a sentence based on the picture.

第二部分有5道题。每道题目将给出1张图片和一个中文字词,考生需根据图片并使用该字词写一个句子。

 

Test Score Reports

成绩报告单

 

The test score report includes listening, reading, writing and total scores. A score of 180 or more represents a pass.

成绩报告单包括听力、阅读、写作各部分分数以及总分。通过考试需达到180分以上。

 

Suggestions for Preparing for the HSK level 4

备考HSK四级的建议

 

1. Grammar and Vocabulary. At this level, you need to have mastered 1,200 Chinese characters. The exam has been reformatted to better test students’ communication skills in daily situations. Flashcards can help you with studying the vocabulary, but there are a few other methods you can also use. Chinlingo has a large amount of resources that can help you more efficiently read in Chinese and create new sentences using the sentence structures and vocabulary found in the HSK level 4.

语法和词汇。达到这个水平你需要掌握1200个中文汉字。新的HSK考试将更好地测试考生的日常场景下的交流技巧。闪卡可以帮助你学习词汇,但同时也有许多其他方法供你选择。我们的Chinlingo网站上有许多中文学习资料可以助你更有效地阅读中文、使用HSK四级相关的句型和词汇造新的句子。

 

2. The Listening Portion. On a daily basis, you should focus on the listening materials of HSK mock papers and complete the most exercises that you can. Afterwards, look at your answers to determine why you made mistakes, make a note of them, and then listen to the audio repeatedly until you have no trouble with understanding it. Because the listening portion of the HSK exam is always regarding day-to-day life in China, it is recommended that you use Chinlingo whenever you have time for it.

听力部分。你需要每天注意练习HSK模拟题的听力材料,尽可能多地完成那些练习。之后检查自己所做的答案,找出犯错的原因,可以做下笔记,然后重复听音频直到你能完全理解。由于HSK考试的听力部分经常涉及到中国的日常生活,所以,建议你有时间的时候可以利用Chinlingo这个平台。

 

3. The Reading Portion. Being able to read Chinese quickly can greatly improve your chances of passing the exam. Using a combination of extensive reading (reading blogs, magazines, essays, etc. on a broad range of topics) and intensive reading (mock papers and language-learning materials) will give you the best advantage. Chinese TV shows or movies are also helpful. These complement your studies since you will be able to learn things that aren’t covered in textbooks and hear how native Chinese-speakers converse. Overall, the best way to approach learning Chinese is to take small steps towards your goal of improving your skills.

阅读部分。快速阅读的能力可以大大提高通过考试的几率。同时兼顾泛读(例如阅读基于广泛话题的博客、杂志、散文等等)和精读(模拟题和语言学习材料)会提高你的优势。中国的电视节目或者影片也很有帮助。这些方法弥补你学习过程中的不足,不至于一直沉浸在书本中的知识,也能听到中国本地人如何交谈。总的来说,最好的学中文方法就是朝着提高技巧能力的目标做好一点一滴的努力。

 

4. The Writing Portion. If you don’t already have a Chinese journal, start one to practice your writing. Another idea is to compose emails and send them to your Chinese friends and/or teacher, and ask them to correct any incorrect expressions or phrases. You can begin with a short, informal email or essay, and then write more as you improve.

写作部分。如果你没有写中文日记的习惯,现在就开始,以便训练你的写作能力。另一个方法可以通过写中文邮件,然后发送给你的中国朋友或者老师,让他们帮你修改其中的错误表达或词组。一开始你可以写一些短小、非正式的邮件或随笔,然后随着水平提高再逐渐写长点的内容。

 

5. Notice the Time. During the HSK level 4 exam, speed can make a huge difference in your scores. Being able to read Chinese quickly can allow you the time you need to check your answers and be certain you have done your best. When answering questions, it may help to finish the easier ones first before tackling the more difficult ones. However, be sure you don’t miss anything if you choose to use that strategy.

注意时间。HSK四级考试的时候,速度对于考试分数至关重要。快速阅读的能力可以让你有时间检查答案,确认自己做到最好。回答问题的时候,可以选择先做相对简单的然后再做比较难的题目。不过,选择这个方法的话一定要确保不会遗漏题目。

2016-06-21

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