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Some Chinese Pronouns

There are just a few pronouns in Mandarin Chinese, and unlike many European languages, there are no subject / verb agreements to worry about. Just a few simple rules tell you everything you need to know about pronouns in Chinese.

BASIC PRONOUNS

These are the pronouns of written Mandarin Chinese.

I, me: wǒ: 我

You: nǐ – 你

You (formal): nín: 您 

He, Him: tā: 他

She, Her: tā: 她

It: tā: 它

You'll notice that there are two ways of saying "you." When speaking to elders or someone in authority, it is more polite to address them formally with 您 (nín) instead of the less formal 你 (nǐ).

While there are six pronouns listed above in written Mandarin, in spoken Mandarin it boils down to just three basic pronouns: I / me, you, he / she / it. This is because 他 / 她 / 它 are all pronounced the same, tā. 

PLURALS

Plurals are formed by adding 們 (traditional form) / 们 (simplified form) at the end of a basic pronoun. This character is pronounced "men." See below:

We, Us: wǒ men: 我們 / 我们

You (plural): nǐ men: 你們 / 你们

They, Them:  tā men: 他們 / 他们

DIFFERENTIATING GENDER

As discussed earlier, gender differentiating pronouns like "he", "she", and "it" all have the same sound, tā, but different written characters.

In spoken Mandarin, differentiating between genders is a little less obvious. However, the context of the sentence will usually tell you whether the speaker is referring to a man, a woman, or a thing.

REFLEXIVE PRONOUN

Mandarin Chinese also has a reflexive pronoun 自己 (zì jǐ). This is used when both subject and object are the same.

For example:

Tā xǐ huàn tā zì jǐ

他喜欢他自己 / 他喜歡他自己

He likes himself.

自己 (zì jǐ) can also be used directly after a noun or pronoun to intensify the subject. For example:

Wǒ zì jǐ xǐ huàn.

我自己喜欢 / 我自己喜歡

 I, myself, like it.

SENTENCE EXAMPLES USING CHINESE PRONOUNS

Here are some sentences using pronouns. See if you can use these examples as a guide or template to creating your own sentences.

Wǒ: 我

I am a student.

Wǒ shì xuéshēng.

我是学生。

I like ice cream.

Wǒ xǐhuān bīngqílín.

我喜欢冰淇淋?

I don’t have a bicycle.

Wǒ méi yǒu jiǎotàchē.

我没有脚踏车?

Nǐ: 你

Are you a student?

Nǐ shì xuéshēng ma?

你是学生吗?

Do you like ice cream?

Nǐ xǐhuan bīngqílín ma?

你喜欢冰淇淋吗?

Do you have a bicycle?

Nǐ yǒu jiǎotàchē ma?

你有脚踏车吗?

Tā: 她

She is a doctor.

Tā shì yīshēng.

她是医生?

She likes coffee.

Tā xǐhuan kāfēi.

她喜欢咖啡?

She doesn’t have a car.

Tā méi yǒu chē.

她没有车?

Wǒ men: 我們 / 我们

We are students.

Wǒmen shì xuéshēng.

我们是学生?

We like ice cream.

Wǒmen xǐhuan bīngqílín.

我们喜欢冰淇淋?

We don’t have a bicycle.

Wǒmen méi yǒu jiǎotàchē.

我们没有脚踏车?

Tā men: 他們 / 他们

They are students.

Tāmen shì xuéshēng.

他们是学生?

They like coffee.

Tāmen xǐhuan kāfēi.

他们喜欢咖啡?

They don’t have a car.

Tāmen méi yǒu chē.

他们没有车?

Zì jǐ: 自己

He lives by himself.

Tā zìjǐ zhù.

他自己住?

I will go myself.

Wǒ zìjǐ qù.

我自己去?

Source:https://www.thoughtco.com/mandarin-pronouns-2279477

2017-05-17

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