Navigate the crowds like a local
Qǐng rang yīxià.
Please let me pass.
Use this phrase politely but with confidence, and you’ll have no problem getting through the crowds.
Pardon me / Excuse me
A polite phrase to draw on when you’re embarrassed, shy or sorry about something; use it to say “pardon me” if you bump into someone or make a mistake, or add it as an opening for when you need a favor: “不好意思, 可以帮忙……” / “Excuse me, could you please help me ……”
Xià (chē) ma?
Are you getting off (the train)?
Be ready to ask this to your fellow passengers on a crowded metro or bus. If they reply in the affirmative, “下”, you’ll know they’re getting off at the next stop and you won’t need to squeeze in front to get to the door…
Greet people like a native
Don’t say 你好 to answer your cell phone! Listen to the locals; they all say (or shout) “喂? 喂…?!”
Máng shénme me? / Zuìjìn máng shénme me?
“How are you doing?”
A common opening for greetings between friends and family. Literally: “(Recently) busy with what?”, you can just pick up the phone and say “喂, (最近) 忙什么呢？” / “Wéi, (zuìjìn) máng shénme me?”
Have a natural conversation
Nice / that’s great!
This catchy word literally means “not bad”. Draw on it when you’re impressed, and native speakers will in turn be impressed with your Chinese skills.
It sounds a bit dramatic when you take this phrase literally (“I’m tired to death”), but sometimes it just fits so well!
Such a bother/so troublesome
A common way to express frustration over lengthy, convoluted and bothersome situations. For example, you might feel like using this on a busy day in the bank when you’ve lost your bank card.
Máfan nín le.
Sorry for troubling you, thanks for your help.
A polite way to acknowledge someone’s efforts and express gratitude.
Wait a moment / hold on!
Doubling up the character “等” means one of two quite different things: either you’re asking a friend to wait, or you’re expressing “and so forth” or “etc.” at the end of a sentence. You choose.
There ought to be no problem.
If you hear this, it could mean you’re probably fine… or it could mean there might be a big problem. So keep any eye on this one!
没办法 / 我真没办法
Měibànfǎ / Wǒ zhēn měibànfǎ.
No way / I really have no way (to solve this)
There’s nothing that can be done, no solution; I can’t help you with this. Let’s hope you don’t hear this too often…
Take your leave as the Chinese do
Wǒ yǒu shì, xiān zǒu le.
I’ve got something to take care of, I’m off.
A polite way to make your exit, used when you’re leaving other(s) behind.
Take care / see you later
This is a nice phrase to pull out when a person leaves. Literally “slowly walk”, it just means “take care”. You might her a restaurateur or friendly shopkeeper saying this.
Bye for now!
Literally “return head see”, this is a common way to say “see ya next time!” Try it instead “再见”which is more often found in textbooks.